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187 Cards in this Set

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Describe 5 factor, Model
1. Neuroticism- high- tend to be anxious, hostile, self-concious, impulsive, vulnerable

low-calm, even-tempered, self-content, comfortable, unemotional, hardy

2. Extraversion- high- like to talk, thrive on social interaction, take charge, like to keep busy, boundless energy, readily express opinions

ex:social work and sales jobs

low-reserved, quiet, passive, serious, emotionally unreactive

3. Openness to experience- high- vivid imagination and dream life, apprec. of art, strong desire to try anything once, naturally curious, low emphasis on personal economic gain

ex: ministry, counseling (offer diversity not high pay)

low-down to earth, uncreative- conventional, uncurious, conservative

4. Agreeableness- high- being accepted, willing to work with others, caring

low- ruthless, suspicious, antagonistic, critical, irrratible, stingy

5. Conscientiousness- high- hardworking, ambitious, energetic, scrupulous, perservering, strong desire to make something of themselves

low- negligent, lazy, disorganized, late, aimless, nonpersistent
At what age does the stages of the 5 factor model appear to stop changing and "set in plaster?"
30
True of False: Individuals change very little in self-reported personality traits over periods of up to 30 years and over the age range of 20 to 90
true
However what did other research reveal?
None of the Big Five personality traits remained stable after age 30
Describe Generativity
Erikson- being productive by helping others in order to ensure the continuation of societty by guiding the next generation

EX:Joyce is in her midlife years and is a preschool teacher who used to want to advance and be a great teacher. Now she is more concerned with providing help to the new teachers around there and says she has lots of on the job exp she can passs along
Who expresses more generative conern...European Americans or Afro Americans?

Give examples of generativity
Blacks

Parenting, mentoring, volunteering, foster grandparent programs,
Describe Stagnation
(Erikson)- people are unable to deal with the needs of their children or provide mentoring to younger adults

-They become bored, self-indulgent, unable to contribute to society
Describe diffence between generative "concern" and generative "action"
Concern relates to life satisfaction and overall happiness but action does not.

EX: New gparents may derive much satisfaction from their grandchildren and are greatly concerned w their wellbeing, but have little desire to engagein the daily hassles of caring for them on a regular basis
Is ther a midlife crisis?
Evidence indicates the midlife is no more traumatic than any other period.

Unexpected events (divorce nad job transfers) are much more liekly to create stess than are normative midlife events (menopause or becoming a gpa)
What is ego resilience?
A Powerful personality resource that enables ppl to handle midlife changes

PPl who enter middle age with high ego res. are more likely to experience it as an oppurtunity for change and growth.
What is a kinkeeper?
Person who gathers family members together for celebrations and keeps them in touch with each other

-Usually middle aged mom not dad
Why are middle aged adults sometimes referred to as the "sandwich generation?"

When dealing with men and women, asked how they are dealing with midlife transition what do their most pressing issues relate to?
They are caught between the competing demands of two generations (their parents and their children)

Women-children, than to their aging parents

Men- parents, then children
What percent of fathers and moms report being sad after last child leaves the home?
25%
What type of kids are most likely to move back into parents house? Whose are not?
Men are more likely, low college GPAs, low sense of autonomy, expectation that their parents would provide large portion of their income following graduation

not- physically/verbally abused by paretns, married kids
Who usually takes care of aging parent?
Daughter/Daughter in-law
Describe Filial Obligation
Where most adult children feel sense of responsibility to care for their parent if necesaryy

EX:feeling that they "owe it to mom or dad"
What percentage of middel aged adults and other relatives care for frail older adults
72%
Describe two main sources or stresses that adult succomb from when dealing caregiving of parents
1. Adult children may have trouble coping w declines in their parents functioning, work overload, burnout, loss of prev relationship w parent

2. When caregiving is conceived as confining, or infringes childs responsibliities (spouse, parent, emplyee)
What culture groups in regards to caregiving are likely to be an adult child, friend/relative; report lower levels of caregiver stress, burden depression; believe strongly in filial obligation; and more likely to use faith, prayer and religion in relation to caregiving?
Latinos and Blacks instead of Whites
Describe personal and social dimensions in relation to grandparenting
Social dimensions- gparents pass on skills as well as religious, social, and vocational values trhough storytelling and advice

Personal dimension- they may feel great pride and satisfaction through this
Describe 5 dimensionds of meaning that gradparents often assign to their roles
1. Centrality-gparenting is most impt thing in their lives

2. Valued elder- being seen as wise

3. Indulgence- spoiliing grandchildren

4. Reinvolvement with personal past- recalling the relationship they had w their own gparents

5. Immortality through clan- from taking pride in the fact that they will be followed by not one but two generations
What race of granparenting tend to be more involved in teaching their gkids and more willing to take a course on it?
More blacks than whites
What is ficitive grandparenting?
style in native ameriacans that allows adults to fill in for missing or deceased biological gparents, functionally creating the role of surrogate grandparet
What is a cultural conservator?
granparents request that their gkids be allowed to live w them to ensure that the gkids learn the native ways.
What is a midlife crisis?
Worrying about the future, inability to enjoy leisure time, feeling that health is deterioating, negative eval of work and marriage, stress from taking care of elderly
What have the studies said about midlife crisis?
Only handful of men fit profile for midlife crisis,

majority did not indicate satisfaction at crisis level

everyone does not experiense change as crisis...only 10% exp intense crisis

Non normative stessors (loss of job and divorce) are more likely to cause more stress than mid lifecrisi
Alternative explanations of Midlife Crisis
It's in the DSM-Adjustment disorder

Increased prosperitiy in N.A. and Western European white middle class

Variations in the "social clock"-culturally based
Describe 4 Biological Theories of Aging
1. Weare and Tear Theory- body gradually deterioates and is worn out EX:Osteoarthritis...NOT Parkinsons or Alzheimers

2. Cellular Theories- focus on reactions w/cells involved in radical and cross linked cells, impairs your functioning

EX: stiffening of muscles

Metabolic Theories-chloric intake, how mand calories you consume-stress, heart disease

-focuses on aspects of the bodys metabolism to explain why ppl age

-how you eat and your calorie intake can make u live longer

4.Programmed cell death theories-suggest that aging is genetically programmed- body is set to live to a certain age
What causes cells to limit their number of divisions?
Telomeres
What are free radicals?
cause cellular damage that impairs functioning
What is cross linking?
Where some proteins interact randomly with certain body tissues such as muscles and arteries (stiffening of heart, heart attack)
What do dendrites do?
Pick up information from other neurons
What does the axon do?
Transmits info inside the neuron from the dendrites to the terminal branches
What are neurofibrillary tangles?
fibers that compose the axon sometimes become twisted together to form spiral-shaped masses

These tangles interfere with nerons ability to transmit info down axon. Large numbers of this are associated with Alzheimers
What happens when dendrites die? Grow?
Harder to remember

Why older adults continue to improve in some areas
What is a neurotic plaque?
Damaged and dying neurons that collect around a core of protein. INterferes w norrmal functioning of healthy neurons. If too much it can cause dementia (Alzheimers)
What are neurotransmitters?
How neurons communicate chemically. These decline w age and perhaprs cause Parkinsons
What does Structural Imaging do?
Provides highly detailed images of anatomical features in brain.

EX: X-rays, CT scans, MRI
WHat does Functional Imaging do?
Provides an indication of brain activity but not high anatomical detail.

EX: SPECT, PET, fMRI
Stokes or cerebral vascular incidents are caused by what?
Interruptions in the blood flow in the brain due to a bloackage or hemorrage in a cerebral artery
Hemorrages are caused by what?
Ruptures of the artery
What can a stroke do?
Produce serious cognitive impairment, loss of ability to speak, physical problems (loss of ability to move arm)
What is transcient ischemic attacks? (TIAs)
Involve an interruption in blood flow to the brain, and are often early warning signs of stroke
What is vascular dementia?
do bad on neuro tests, visual imager and recognition delayed. It has a much faster course than Alzheimers resulting in death in 2-3 yrs
How much does the max amount of air in one breath decrease from age 25 to 85?
40%
What is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?
Results in depression anxiety, and need of continual oxygen

-Asthma and Emphyasema (most common)
What are some symptoms of Parkinson's disease?
very slow walking, difficulty getting in and out of chairs,slow hand tremor
Can Parkinsons involve severe cog impairment and eventually dementia?
Yes 30-50% of the time
What device helps Parkinsons?
Neurotransmitulator
What is presbyphobia?
Difficulty in seeing close objects clearly, necessitating either longer arms or corrective lenses
What are two major kinds of age-related strucutal changes that occur in the eye?
1. Descrease in amount of light that passes through light

EX: old ppl have hard time seeing at night

2. Lens becomes more yellow causing poorer color discrim. in green-blue-violet end of spectrum and focus declines
What is glaucoma? Cataract?
G- fluid in eye does not drain properly, causing very high pressure

C-opaque spots on eye which limit amount of light transmitted
EYe- What is Macular Degeneration?
Results in loss of the ability to see details (reading is extremely difficult, tv is a blur)

20% of ppl over 75 especially smokes and white women have this
What is something else that can cause retinal disease?
Diabetes...Diabetic retinopathy
What is reduced sensitivity to high-pitched tones called?
Presbycusis
Presbycusis results from what 4 types of changes in the inner ear?
Sensory, Neral, Metabolic, and Mechanical
Loss of hearing in later life can cause what?
Independence, social isolation, irratation, paranoia, depression
Which one of the 5 sense also declines after age 70?

Large declines of this are characteristics of what?
Smell

Alzherimers
Who gets less sleep? What causes this?
Old ppl. Heart disease, arthririts, diabetes, lung diseases, osteoporosis, obesity
What is Circadian Rhythm?
Sleep-wake cycle. Disruptions of this can cause problems w attn. and memory
True or False:Immigrants are less healthy
True
What are the three major components of attn?
Selection, Vigilance, and Control
What is selective attn
Selection of relevant info and inhibition of irrevelant info
Vigilance
Involves maintenance of attn over time

EX:Listening for one's name to be called at a take out restaurant, watching for traffic light change, and monitoring screen connected to security cameras
What is attentional control?
Ppl's abilities to focus, switch, and divide attn
What is psychomotor speed?
SPeed which a person can make a specific decision

declines w age

EX: Slamming on brakes when u see a car backing out of driveway
True or False:Older adults who are more physically fit do not show slower cognition
True
Who has the highest fatality rate (driving)?

2nd highest?
16-20 yrs

70+
Describe Working Memory
EX:You remember its yo gfs bday. So you decide a nice romantic dinner would be good, go over to the phone, grab the phonebook, look up the number, and make the call.

Working memory deals with info that is being used right at the moment
Describe Implicit and Explicit Memory
Explicit-info learned and remembered at a specific time (mem. for exam and spitting it back on test)

Implicit-Dont try to remember it, its effortless (stop sign is red)
Describe Episodic Memory
general class of memory having to do with the conscious recollection of info from a specific time or event
Describe Semantic Memory
memory concerning the remembering of meanings of words or concepts not tied to a specfic time or event
What is autobiographical memory?
Memory concerning events about your life
There is no magic number of times that a pperson must forget something before it becomes a matter of concern:T or F
True
What is another word for tertiary memory?
Long Term Memory
Descrbie External Aids and Internal Aids
Memory aids- Notebooks and calendars

Internal- Memory aids that rely on mental processes such as imagery
Describe Explicit Internal aids and Explicit External Aids
EI- reheasal. Help ppl remember phone numbers

EE-taking notes during a visit with physician because info needs to be better orgnazied and remembered
Describe Impliciit-Internal aids and Implicict-External Aids
II- association with color of apt building so u know u live at that apt

IE-Icons letting you know the number of pills for u to take that day (pill box)
Describe 3 main aspects of Wisdom
1. Orchestration of mind and virtue

2. Postformal Thinking

3. Action-oriented knowledge aquired without direct help from others
Describe 3 factors on how to become wise
1. Mental Ability

2. Mentoring or Experience

3. Education or leadership experience
Describe 4 Characteristics of Wisdom
1. Wisdom deals with impt or difficult matters of life and the human condition

2. Wisdom is truly "superior" knowledge, judgement, and advice

3. Wisdom is knowledge w extraordinary scope, death, and balance, applicaple to specific situations

4. Wisdom when used is well intended and combines mind and virtue (character)
True or False: Rate of Severe Depression declines from young adulthood to old age
True
Depression in later life must be diagnosed w basis of two symptoms present for two weeks...what 2 symptoms?
Feelings and Physical Changes
Describe the physical changes of depression
Loss of appetite, insomnia, trouble breathing
What is dysphoria?
Most common symtpom of depression in older adults is feeling sad or down...termed dysphoria
What are the 2 main causes of depression?
biological and physiological processes-neurotransmitter levels decline w age

Phschosocial factors-how person deals with loss
Internal Belief Systems
What one tells themself about why certain things are happening

EX:Death of a spouse and you believe it happened to you because you are a bad person
What is the goal of behavioral therapy?
Increase the good things that happend ane minimize the negative things
Describe Cognitive Therapy
Based on idea that a depressed person believes himself as unworthy and inadequate, the world as insensitive and ungratifying.

In this therapy a person is taught how to recognize these thoughts and to reevaluate the self, world, and future more realisitcally
What kid of therapy is good for anxiety disorders?
Relaxation Therapy
Anxiety Disorders
Feelings of severe anxiety for no apparent reason, phobias with regard to speciific things or places, OCD disorders
What is dementia?
Family of diseases involving serious impairment of behavorial and cognitive functioning
What is the most common form of Dementia?
Alzheimers
Are men or women at a higher risk for Alzheimers?
women!
What is incontinence?
Loss of bladder or bowel control
Describe some symptoms of Alzheimers
gradual declines in memoery, learning, attention and judgement

confusion as to time and place, diff. in comunicating and finding right words, inappropriate social behavior, decline in hygiene and selfcare skills, changs in personanilty
What is amyloid?
Protein that essentially causes fibers to tangle and cause Alzheimers
What is a good technique used with Alzheimers patients?
Spaced Retrieval
Who is better at free recall?
Younger adults
Does secondary or tertiary memory decline w age?
Secondary
Describe Possible causes of Dementia
Degenerative diseases, diseases affecting blood vessels, toxic reactions, nutrional defincies, infections affects CNS, head injury
What is best therapy for depression
Cog Behavrioal
What disease is mostly related with crashes in old ppl?
Diabetes
By 2020, what % of drivers will be over 65?
15%
T or F:Foot abnormalities is pos correlated with crashes
True
What are some factors associated with not wearing a seatbelt?
obesity, inactivity, smoking history, low education level and low socioeconomic status.
What percent of old drivers still drive when they have disease that causes crash
50%. did so voluntarily
T or F: Physical Therapy increases driving skills
True
Describe Coniniuty Theory
PPl tend to cope w daily life in later adulthood by applying familiar strategies based on past experience to maintain internal/external structures

EX: Old lady retires but remains busy because that is how she has always done it

-You want optimal continuity

Internal Cont.-inner past

EX:emotions, experiences

External-physical and social environments
Describe Competence
The upper limit of a persons ability to function in five domains:physical health, sensory-perceptual skills, motor skills, cog skills, and ego strength
Describe Environmental Press
Refers to physical (having to walk up 3 flights of stairs to apt), interpersonal (having to adjust behavior pattterns to diff ppl), and social demans that environments put on ppl (dealing w laws/customs that place certain expectations on ppl)
What is adaptation level?
Area where press level is avg for a particular lvl of competence; this is where behavior and affect are normal
Zone of maximum performance potential
Slight increases in press tend to increase performance
Zone of max comfort
Slight decrease in press which ppl are able to live happily w/o worrying about environmental demands
Too many environ. demands on person with low competence and too few demands on person w high comp. resulsts in?
Maldaptive behaviors and neg affect
Describe proactivity
When ppl choose new behaviors to meet new desires for needs and exert control over their lives
Describe docility
when ppl allow the situation to dictate the opinions they have and have little control
Describe Integrity vs Despair
Involves process by which ppl try to make sense of their lives. THoughts of a persons own death are balanced by realization tha they will live on through children, gchildren, and ggrandkids

EX:Old lady who trys to understand her live in terms of the future of her family and community. SPend more time thinking about past and reflecting about it than she used to
What is "life review?"
Process by which ppl reflect on the events and experiences they have had over their livetimes. (part in integ vs. desp)
How do you achieve integrity?

How do you achieve despair?
Integ-person must come to terms with decisions made and realize that life is coming to a close

EX:Ppl who were unsure if they made right decisions raising kids now feel satisfied that they worked out well

Despair-Blame others or themselves for misfortunes, greatly fear death, meaningless
What do old ppl use more than anything to cope with problems?
Religious faith and spirituality
What race as old ppl is more committed to religion?
Niggas
What is average age of retirement?
65
Describe Bridge Job
Job grampy had after Goodyear...(ABCO)
What is the number one cause of retirement?
Choice (financially stable)
Are ppl usually happy when they retire?
Yup
Describe two stereotypes of retirees
1. Once retired their health deterioates

2. Once retired they dont
have as many friends

3. They become less active
When are are ppl most happily retired?
When spouse did not influence decision to retire
Describe the term "social convoy"
how a group of ppl journeys w us throughout our lives, providing support in good and bad times
Are old ppl more happier when they have friends or family members there?
F R I E N D S
Why are women more prone to deal with stresses of life (older women)
Because they have more intimate relationships w friends
Define socioemotional selectivity
Implies that social contact is motivated by many goals including information seeking, self-concept, and emotional regulation
Describe the 5 types of relationships among older adult siblings
1. Intimate sigbling relationships- high lvls of closeness and involvement. high levels of contact, low lvls or envy or resentment

2. Congenial sibling relationships- high lvls or closeness and involvement, avg contact, low envy and resentment

3.Loyal Sibling relationships- avg levels of closeness, involvement, and contact, low lvls of envy and resentment

4. Apathetic sibling relationships-low levels on all dimensions

5.Hostile sibling relationships- high lvls of involvement and resentment, low lvls on all others
What two types of sibling relationships are most common in old ppl?
Loyal and Congenial in 2nd
Name three impacts on marriage cause of retirement
-Adjustment to togetherness

-Reestablishment of chores

-Labeling one's territory-prof kim's parents
What percent of women over 65 are widows? Men?
50

15
Spousal caregivers of Alzheimers patients report what?
Lower lvls or marital satisfaction than healthy couples
How long do women tend to live as widows?
10 to 12 yrs

They marry older men and live longer as well
Who take it worse, widows or widowers?
Widowers

Widows have harder time financially though
Frail older adults tend to have what type of problems?
Multiple, whether it be physical or cognitive
What are Activities of dailing living (ADLs)?
Basic self care tasks such as eating, bathing, toileting, walking or dressing

Person is considered frail if they need help w one of these tasks
Describe Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)
Actions that require some intellectual competence and planning

-Shopping for personal items, paying bills, making tele calls, takins meds appropriately, and keeping appointments
Frail adults are also prone to what?
Anxiety disorders and depression
What is an assisted living center?
provides supportive living arrangement for ppl who need assistance with ADLs and IADLs but who are not so impaired physc/cog that they need 24 hr care
What percent of ppl living past age 85 will have stepped foot in nursing home?
50%
Describe the 2 primary levels of care in nursing homes
Intermediate care-24 hr care necessitating nursing supervision but usually not at an intense lvl

Skilled nursing care-24 hr care requiring constant monitoring and making sure they take meds and stuff (personal nurse)
What is the main reason why old ppl are put in nursing homes (80%)
Health
Describe what makes a quality Nursing Home
1. Good fit between competence and environmental press

2. Quality of life for residents (whether residents are well groomed, food is tasty, room is comfortable)

3.Quality of care (staff responds quickly to calls)

4.Safety (enough staff, clutter free hallways)

5.Other-outdoor areas, family visits

6. Sense of self-efficacy
Describe Patronization and INfantilzation
P-slower speech, higher pitch, increased volume

-use of persons first name when not appropriate, simplified expressions, assuming resident has no memory

Do not do these; they lower residents self esteem
Describe the 7 types of elder abuse and neglect
1. Phsyical abuse- anyhing resulting in bodily injury, physical pain, or impairment

2. Sexual abuse- any nonconsensual sex act

3. Emotional or pshychological abuse- infliction of anguish, pain, or distress, silent treatment, harassment, isolation

4. Financial-improper use of elders funds

5. Abandonment-desertion of person from required caretaker

6. Neglect- Not providing them with food, water, meds, had responsiblty to take care of resident but did not

7.Self-neglect- Behavior of old person that threaten his or her own health or safety

4.
What type of ppl are less likely to report or htink they are being abused?
older korean american women
Whats the most common form of abuse of elderly?
Neglect
Who are usually the abusers?
Adult children family members (both men and women)
What percent of abuse is neglect?

What percent is adult children (abusers)
55%

40%
Describe Clinical Death
Lack of heartbeat and respiration
Describe whole-brain death
No movement in response to any stimuli

No spontaneous respirations for at least one hour

Total lack of responsiveness to even the most painful stimul

No eye movements, blinking

No postural actiivt, swallowing, yawning or vocalinzing

No motor reflexes

A flat EEG for atleast 10 mins

No change in any of this criteria if tested again in 24 hrs
Describe Persistent Vegatative State
Spontaneours heartbeat and respiration but no consciousness

Person does not recover from this
Describe Bioethics
Requires ppl to weigh how much the patients will benefit from a treatment relative to the amount of suffering he or she will endure as a result of treatment

EX:Lady has brain damage should we try to save her life or let her go? If she lives she might be dumb and experience pain but we could put her out of her misery
What is euthanasia?
Practice of ending life for reasons of mercy
Describe Avtive Euthanasia nad Passive Euthanasia
Active-Deliberate ending of someones life which is made clear by persons wishes or decision made y someone else who has authority

EX:Administering a drug overdose, disconnecting a life support system, mercy killing

Passive-Allowing a person to die by withholding available treatment

EX:food withdrawn, chemo might be withheld from cancer patient, surgical procedure may not be formed
What percent in most AMerican Ethnic groups support physician assisted suicide?
50
Describe the Dirty Dutch's 5 required criteria for Physician assisted suicide
1.Patients condition is intolerable w no hope for improvement

2. No relief is available

3. The patient is competent

4. The patient makes a request repeatedly over time

5. Two physicians must review the case and agree w the patients request
Describe two ways to make one's intentions known:
A living will in which person states his or her wishes about life support and other treatments, and durable power of attorney
Describe reactions to death by age groups
Children- dramatic, magical, temporary

Adolescents-relevant to discuss death and dying...it shocks them cause they think they are invulnerable "illusion of invulnerability"

Young Adults- Most anxiety, most difficult

Middle Age-confront death of parents and start thinking about own death

Late adulthood-friends/spouses may have died already, may feel most impt life tasks have been completed. Most accepting of death
Describe Elisabeth Kubler-Ross's Theory of Dying (5stages)
1. Denial- faith will cure me

2. Anger- "Why me?" Envy healthy

3. Bargaining- "God if you just let me live..." "Just let me live until my daugther graduates from college."

4. Depression- reality sinks in, guilt and shame

5. Acceptance

Not all go through these stages or in this order
Describe Terror Management Theory
Addresses the issue of why ppl engage in certain behaviors to achieve particular psychological states Theory proposes that ensuring one's life continues is the primary motive underlying behavior; all other motives can be traced to this basic one.
What are the components of death anxiety?
-Pain

-Body Malfunction

-Humiliation

-Rejection

-Nonbeing

-Punishment
-Interruption of goals

-Neg Impact on survivors
Three levels of components of death anxiety
Public

Private

Nonconscious
Define Hospice

Also Define Inpatient and Outpatient Hospice
Def:Aimed at making person comfortable and peaceful, not delaying death. used only after no treatment or cure is possible

Inpatient-Provide care for all patients

Outpatient-hospice nurse comes to home
Describe Bereavement

Describe Grief

Describe Mourning
B:State or condition caused by loss through death

G:sorrow, hurt, anger, guilt, confusion, and other feelings that arise after sufferring a loss

M:Concerns the ways in which we express our grief (wearing black)
Describe Worden's 4 Tasks of Grieving
1. Acknowledge the reality of the loss-takes time

2. Work Through the pain-dont cutoff or prolong

3. Adjust to the environment where the deceased is absent-find new patterns of living

4.Emotionally relocate the deceased and move on with life;Loosen ties to the deceased (book)
Describe Muller's 5 thems of coping w grief
Coping

Affect

Change

Narrative

Relationship
Describe the 18 Normal Grief reactions
Anger
Absence of Emotion
Anxiety
Acceptance
Confusion
Denial
Disbelief
Emptiness
Fear
Guilt
Happiness
Helplessness
Hatred
Loneliness
Lack of enthiuasm
Relief
Sadness
Shock
What is the pshycological side of coming to terms with bereavement?
Grief Work
Describe Anniversary Reaction
Changes in behaviors relatd to feelings of sadness on this date
bereaved ppl usually show decline in symtpoms 6 mos after death
True
What are two common manifestations of traumatic grief?
Excessive Guilt and Self Blame
Around what age do children realize that death is permanent
5-7
Describe how children approach dying
-Coping is limited

-Regression, guilt for causing death, denial, displacement, repression, wishful thinking that the deceased will return

Later childhood:problems at school, anger, physical ailments

Kids do not usually have depression
Describe 3 types of Childhood Grief
Somatic-bedwetting, headaches, stomach aches

Intrapsychic-emotional distress, fear that others will die also, learning difficulties

Behavioral-regression, shyness, temper
Describe Adolescence and how they deal with Dying

Adulthood
Adolescence-Continue to love their dead siblings and anaticipate reunion in afterlife

-Reluctant to discuss grief, low self esteem, poorer performance in school, agitated depression, chronic illness, enduring guilt

Adulthood-More intense feelings toward death, think they are cheated out of their future
The death of a parent deprives many ppl of many impt things like:
A source of love

A source of guidance and advice

A model for their own parenting style

Cuts off opportunity to improve aspects of relationship between parent and child
Many parents view the relationships to the deceased child as what?
Closest or one of the closet relationships they ever had
In US what is said to be the time that it should take for one to get over their partner?
1 Year
Describe Anticipatory Grief
When death is expected (cancer)
Describe Complicated/Unresolved Grief
Not healthy, continues instead of wrapping yp
Disenfranchised Grief
Grief that ppl experience when los cannot be publicly mourned

EX: Girl @ Biola gets abortion but cannot tell anyone.

EX:Person dies of HIV but dont want ppl to know they are gay