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74 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Who coined the term Interactive Design?
Bill Moggridge
What connects people through the products they used.....
Interactive Design
Who designs for the possibility of Interaction?
Interaction Designers
Interaction itself takes place between people......
machines, and systems in a variety of combinations.
The 3 schools of though with Interaction Design.....
1. Technology centered view
2. Behaviorist view
3. The social Interaction Design View.
What is common abt all three views of interaction design?
That Interaction design is seen as an art.
Interaction Design is by its nature.....
contextual
Interactive Design solves specific problems under.....
a particular set of circumstances using the available materials.
Many methods & trends with Interactive Design......
come and go.
Right now the trend in Interactive Design is......
user-centered design
Technology centered view of Interactive Design is.......
Interactive Designers make technology useful, usable and pleasurable to use.
Behaviorist view of Interactive Design is......
About defining the behavior of artifacts, environments, and systems.
Behaviorist view focuses on.....
functionality and feedback. How products behave and provide feedback based on what the people engaged with them are doing.
The social Interaction Design view........
is that it is inherently social, revolving around facilitating communication between humans through products.
The 7 approaches that interaction designers use are.........
1. Focusing on users.
2. Finding Alternatives
3. User Interaction and Prototyping.
4.Collaborating & Addressing constraints.
5. Creating Appropriate Solutions.
6. Drawing on wide range of influences
7. Incorporating Emotion.
1. Focusing on Users is about.....
1. designers are advocates for the end user.
2. Finding alternatives is about.....
Designer is about creating a new option.
3. User Ideation & Prototyping is about.....
1. Designers find their solutions through brainstorming & then building models to test the solutions.
4. Collaborating & Addressing constraints is about.....
4. Almost always a team effort.
5. Creating Appropriate Solutions is about......
5. designing solutions that are appropriate to the situation.
6. Incorporating emotion is about.....
6. Emotion needs to be thoughtfully included in the design decisions.
7. Drawing on a wide range of influences is about.....
7. Pulling from many subjects & disciplines to create.
Interaction design began in prerecorded history with.....
Native Americans & Tribal people, who used smoke signals to communicate.
2. As well as Celts & Inuits used stone markers to communicate.
In the 1830's Samuel Morse created a system to.....
turn electromagnetic pulses into a language to communicate over long distances called Morse code.
Morse not only invented this but also......
invented the entire system for using it.
First wave of computers was called.....
Eniac, was engineered not designed.
Humans had to adapt to the first computers to use them. Such as.....
speaking to them in the machines language not ours.
What was the interface for the first computers....
Punch cards
Engineers wanted computers to....
work faster, they were not worried about making the computers more usable.
Henry Dreyfuss created the....
new field of human factors. Which focused on design of products for different sizes and shapes of people.
Ergonomics focused on....
workers productivity & safety.
Cognitive psychology focuses on.......
human learning & problem solving.
Cognitive psychology was led by.....
Allen Newell & George Miller.
Memex is.....
1. Created by Vannevar Bush.
2. A microfilm-based device for storing books, records & communications.
3. A desk
4. Projected for convenient reading
5. Keyboard & buttons & levers.
The memex was just....
A concept but it was the first imagining of hypertext.
The Memex has influenced......
generations of interactive designer since.
As computer became more powerful, engineers began.....
to focus on the people using computers.
Engineers began to devise new methods......
of input & new uses for the machines.
Engineers added what to computers......
control panels to the front of computers.
The addition of control panels allowed input.....
through a complicated series of switches.
the addition of control panels was used in combination with....
punch cards (these were processed as a group)(batch processing)
Ted Nelson, Project Xanadu.
Goal of this was creating......
compute networks with simple user interfaces.
Project Xanadu was the first attempt at a.....
hypertext system.
Who coined the term hypertext.......
Ted Nelson (project Xanadu)
Ivan's Sutherland invented.....
Sketchpad.
Sketchpad was the first computer program to utilize a fully......
graphical user interface & a light pen for input.
The Sword of Damocles is widely considered to be....
the first virtual reality system.
Around 1965 first killer application was invented which is.....
e-mail.
1971 email was being sent across.....
Arpanet
Arpanet is the.....
precursor to the internet.
Ray Tomlinsom created e-mail.....
standards still in use
(@ symbol)
Ray Tomblinson sent the 1st......
e-mail
ARPANET stands for......
Advanced research projects agency Networks.
Arpanet is developed
by ARPA of the us. department of Defense.
ARPANET was the.....
predecessor of the global internet.
ARPANET was conceived as the......
Intergalactic Computer Network.
The mother of all Demos....was done by.....
Doug Engelbart.
The mother of all Demos was a.....
90 min presentation.
The mother of all Demos was the 1st....
public demonstration of the mouse.
Showed point & click, hyperlinks, cut & paste, and network collaborations.
Xerox (Parc)
1.founded in....
2.headed by.......
3.He urged employees to think of computers.....
1.1970
2. Bob Taylor
3. as communication devices not just processing devices.
Xerox is.......
1.
2. employees invented.....
1.Lengendary
2. First laptop, Desktop metaphor, cut & paste, Ethernet Networking.
Late 70s saw a trend in computer gaming with.....
1. pong
2. Atari
In the 70s saw a shift in focus from the computer hardware to the.....
computer software.
Designers & Engineers in the 70's refined & expanded the.....
Command-line interface.
VisiCalc(1979)
-The first....
Spreadsheet software.
WordStar(1978)
-A popular.....
Word-Processing program.
In the 1980's a new emphasis was on the.....
users
in the 1980s was the explosion of the....
graphical user interface.
The graphical user Interface was spearheaded by....
Apple Computers.
1980s was the era of the.....
Personal Computer.
1980s had some of the first...
Portable computers.
The 1990s became the....
era of networked computing, also the beginning of interaction Design as a formal discipline.
Interaction Design has been around.....
for less than 2 decades, very young field.
Connects a lot of different....
disciplines.