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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is free gingiva
portion of gingiva that is not attached to the tooth
what is the sulcus
area between free gingiva and tooth
what holds a tooth in place
the alveolus and periodontal ligaments
_________ attaches periodontal ligaments to the tooth
cementum
the most common condition in cats over 7 years is ___________
oral disease
what is the rule of 4 and 9
states that the canine tooth is always designated 04 and first molar 09
describe the scissor bite
normally, cusp of mandibular incisors rests on a ledge of palatal side of maxillary incisors (called the cingulum)
what is diastema
space between 2 adjacent teeth that are not in contact with each other in an arch
what is endodontics
treatment of disease that effect the tooth pulp and apical periodontal tissue
exodontics
extraction of teeth and related procedures
oral surgery
surgery of oral cavityu
orthodontics
guidance and correction of malocclusion
periodontics
study and treatment of disease of teeth and supporting tissues
prosthodontics
construction of appliances designed to replace missing teeth
restorative/operative dentistry
restoration of form and function of teeth
adontia
absence of teeth
persistant primary teeth
baby teeth remain in the outh
what is interceptive orthodontics
process of extracting primary teeth to prevent orthodontic malocclusion
what is orthodontic disease
malalignment of teeth
describe a class one malocclusion
and name 3 types
overall normal occlusions except one or 2 teeth are out of alignment
anterior crossbite
one or more incisors are malaligned
posterior crossbite
maxillary premolars are lingual to the mandibular premolars or molars
base narrow canines
structural narrowing of the mandible
-eruption of canines in an overly upright position
describe a class 2 malocclusion
mandible is shorter than normal
describe a class 3 malocclusion and name a type
mandibular prognathism
-mandible is too long and may become bowed
maxillary brachygnathism
-shortened maxilla
-maxillary teeth are rotated as a result of crowding
example: wry bite
what is wry bite
central incisors of mandible and maxilla do no align evenly
what is gingivitis
inflammation of the gingiva caused by bacterial plaque
what is feline stomatitis and faucitis
extremely red and inflamed tissue with a cobblestone appearance
what is attrition
results from friction of teeth against each other
describe enamel hypoplasia and how it occurs
ameloblasts create enamel; if debilitated, they no longer produce enamel
-crown no longer has a shiny surface; its dull and susceptible to flaking