Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/57

Click to flip

57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
ALVEOLUS
A boney socket for the root or roots of teeth.
DENTARY
One of the pair of bones that comprise the mandible. Includes body and ramus.
MANDIBLE
Composed of a single pair of separate bones, the dentaries.
MAXILLA
One of a pair of large bones that form part of the upper jaw, carrying teeth; it also forms portions of the rostrum, hard palate, and zygomatic arch.
PREMAXILLA
One of the paired bones at the anterior end of the rostrum that frequently bear teeth. Includes the palatal and nasal branches.
CEMENTUM
The layer of bone-like material covering the root of a tooth.
CROWN
The portion of the tooth extending above the gumline.
DENTINE
A hard, generally acellular material between the pulp and enamel portions of a tooth.
ENAMEL
Material comprising the extremely hard outer layer of the crown of the tooth, consisting of calcareous compounds and a small amount of organic matrix.
PULP
Collectively, the nerves, blood vessels, and connective tissue occupying the pulp chamber and root canals of a tooth.
ROOT
A portion of a tooth that lies below the gumline and fills an alveolus
BUCCAL
Cheeks or mouth cavity as a whole. A buccal tooth side is the side touching the cheek.
LABIAL
Lips
LINGUAL
Tongue
OCCLUSAL SURFACE
The surfaces of contact in the upper and lower teeth.
QUADRANT
Each of the four tooth-bearing sections of the skull: the right and left premaxillae/maxillae and the two dentaries.
CINGULUM/CINGULID
An enamel shelf, frequently with cusps, that borders one or more margins of an upper tooth.
CUSP
A point, projection, or bump on the crown of a tooth.
ECTOLOPH
A crista, generally connecting parastyle, paracone, metacone, and metastyle.
crista = crest
LOPH
A ridge on the occlusal surface of a tooth, formed by the elongation and fusion of cusps.
ROOTED TEETH
A tooth that is ever-growing, having a permanently and widely open root canal
ACRODONT
an animal having teeth consolidated with the summit of the alveolar ridge without sockets
PLEURODONT
an animal having teeth fused with the summit of the alveolar ridge without sockets
THECODONT
having teeth inserted in sockets
socket tooth
DECIDUOUS DENTITION
The juvenile or milk dentition of mammals. A complete set of temporary incisors and canines. “Baby teeth”
PERMANENT TEETH
Teeth in the replacement dentition. Succeed the milk and or deciduous teeth. “Permanent teeth”
DIPHYODONT
Having two sets of teeth: deciduous and permanent set
MONOPHYODONT
Having a single set teeth, with none being replaced
POLYPHYODONT
Having more than two sets of teeth in a lifetime
CANINE
One of the four basic kinds of teeth found in mammals. The anteriormost tooth in the maxilla. Frequently elongated, unicuspid, and and single rooted
CANIFORM
An incisor or premolar that has the shape and appearance of a canine.
CHEEK TEETH
Collectively, the premolars and molars or any teeth posterior to the position of the canines.
DENTAL FORMULA
Way of expressing the numbers of teeth of different sorts in an individual or species. The letters designate incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. The numbers above the line give the numbers of teeth of each sort on one side of the upper jaw, those below the line indicate the number on one side of the lower jaw.
INCISIFORM
A canine or other tooth that has the shape and appearance of an incisor.
MOLAR
Any cheek tooth situated posterior to the premolars and having no deciduous precursor.
MOLARIFORM
Teeth that have the shape and appearance of molars, regardless of whether they are true molar teeth.
PREMOLARS
Located anterior to the molars and posterior to the canine. Some are the only cheek teeth normally represented in both the milk and replacement dentitions.
BICUSPID
A tooth having two major cusps (premolar)
CUSPIDATE
Presence of cusps on a tooth.
UNICUSPID
A tooth having a single cusp.
DIPROTODONT
A dental configuration found in the Paucituberculata and Diprotdontia. The lower jaw is shortened, and the first lower incisors are greatly elongated.
Two first teeth
POLYPROTODONT
Dentition in several orders of marsupials in which the lower jaw is equal in length tooth upper jaw and the lower incisors are small and unspecialized.
BRACHYODONT
Pertaining to teeth that have low crowns
brachy - short
HYPSODONT
High crowned tooth
TRIBOSPHENIC CHEEK TEETH
An upper molar with three main cusps in a triangular pattern or lower molar with a triangular arrangement of the trigonid and adjacent talonid.
DILAMBODONT
W shaped ectoloph on the occlusal surface.
ZALAMBODONT
V shaped ectoloph on the occlusal surface.
EUTHEMORPHIC TEETH
A modified tribosphenic tooth, frequently square in outline
QUADRITUBERCULAR
An upper cheek tooth with four major cusps; the paracone, metacone, protocone, and hypocone
BUNODONT
Low crowned teeth with roughly hemispherical cusps
CARNASSIAL (SECODONT) DENTITION
With cheek teeth that have a cutting or shearing action adapted for a carnivorous diet.
DIASTEMA
A pronounced gap between adjacent teeth.
LOPHODONT
A tooth with an occlusal surface pattern consisting of lophs.
SELENODONT
Molariform teeth having longitudinally oriented, crescent-shaped ridges on the crown.
SELENOLOPHODONT
Cheek teeth that have features of both selendont and lophodont teeth.
HETERODONT
Teeth that vary in form and function and generally include incisors, canines, premolars, and molars.
HOMODONT
Teeth that do not vary in form and functionl; often peglike in structure, as in toothed whales and xenarthrans