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371 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
a-
without, away from
acellular, having no cells; amenorrhea, absence of menstrual flow
ab-
away from, absent, negative
ad-
toward, in the direction of
ambi-
both, both sides
ambidextrous or able to use both hands well
an-
without
ante-
before, forward
antebellum or before the war
anti-
against, counteracting
antidote, medicine to counteract poison
auto-
self
autobiography, story about yourself
bi-
two, twice
bio-
life
biography, a story of someone's life
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
bradycardia, slow heart rate
bucca-
cheek, buccal
cent-
hundred
century, one hundred years
circum-
around
circumference, distance around the outside of a circle
co-, com-
together
con-
with
contra-
against, opposed
contraception
cut/o-
skin
subcutaneous
de-
from, lack
demi-
half
dent-
tooth, teeth
dentures, man-made teeth
derma-
skin
dermatitis, inflammation of the skin
di-
twice, double
dia-
complete, through
dipl/o-
double
diplopia, double vision
dis-
negative, absence of
dors-
back
dys-
pain, difficulty
dysuria, painful urination
e-
out of, from
ec-
out, out from
ecto-
external, outside
edem-
swelling
edematous, pertaining to swelling
end/o-
within, inside
epi-
over, upper
ex-
outside, away from
exo-
out
extra-
beyond, outside
extraorbital, outside the orbit of the eye
faci-
face
fore-
in front of, before
forehead, in front of the head
gene-
origin, start
cariogenic, food or other edibles that cause tooth decay
gyne-
woman
gynecology, study of women
hem-
blood
hematology, study of the blood
hemi-
half
hemisphere, half of a sphere or globe
hydra-
water
hydrocephalus, water on the brain
hyper-
above, excessive, more than
hypertension, high blood pressure
hypo-
low, deficient, less than
hypothermia, low body temperature
in-
not, into
inhale, breathe in
infra-
beneath, under, below
inter-
between, among
intra-
within, inside
intraoral, within the mouth
leuco-
white
macro-
large
mal-
bad
malnutrition, bad nutrition
med-
middle
mega-
large, grand
mes-
mes/o-
middle
micro-
small
microscope, instrument used to see small objects
mid-
middle
mono-
one, single
multi-
many
myxa-
mucus, slime
neo-
new
neoplasm, a new growth
non-
no, not
nontoxic, not poisonous
ob-
against
ortho-
straight
orthodontist, a dentist who straightens the teeth
os-
bone, mouth
pan-
all
para-
beside, abnormal
parathyroid gland is beside the thyroid gland
per-
through
peri-
around
perioral, around the mouth
poly-
many
post-
behind, after
postnasal, behind the nose
pre-
before, in front of
primi-
first
primigravida, pregnant for first time
pro-
forward
pseudo-
false
pseudopregnancy, false pregnancy
re-
back, again
retro-
after, behind, back of
retrofit, add to afterwards
semi-
half, partial
sub-
under, less
super-
over, above
supra-
above, excessive
supragingival, above the margins of the gums
sym-
with, together
syn-
together, union
tachy-
fast, rapid
tachypnea, fast breathing
trans-
across, through
tri-
three
triplets
ultra-
excess, beyond
un-
not
uni-
one
unilateral, one side
vaso-
vessel
ventro-
body front
xanth-
yellow
-ac
pertaining to, relating to
-al
pertaining to, relating to
-algesia
suffering, pain
analgesia, absence of pain
-algia
pertaining to pain
odontalgia, tooth pain
-ar
pertaining to
-ase
enzyme
lipase, alkaline phosphatase
-cele
swelling, hernia
cystocele
-cente
puncture
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
amniocentesis, thoracentesis
-cide
kill
homocide, fungicide
-cise
cut
incise, excise
-coccus
round, spherical bacteria
pneumococcus
-crine
secrete
endocrine, exocrine
-cyte
cell
lymphocyte
-dema
swelling
papillodema
lymphodema
-desis
surgical fixation
-dynia
pain
orthodynia, tooth pain
-ectasis
dilation
bronchiectasis
-ectomy
surgical removal of
appendectomy
-ectopy
displacement
-emesis
vomiting
hematemesis
-emia
blood condition
leukemia
-esthesia
sensation
anesthesia, paresthesia
-ferous
producing
-form
shape, resembling
spongiform
-fuge
driving away, pushing
centrifuge
-genic
originated
-gram
picture, record
cardiogram
-graph
picture, record
photograph, angiograph
-graphy
recording a picture or record
arteriography
-ia
pertaining to
-iasis
in the presence of, abn. condition
-ic
pertaining to
-ical
pertaining to
-id
condition
-ile
pertaining to
-ion
state, condition
-itis
inflammation
-ism
state of, condition
-ium
small, little
-ize
take away, remove
-lith
stone
-logist
specialist
-logy
study of
-lysis
destruction
-malacia
abnormal softening
-megaly
large, enlargement
cardiomegaly, an enlarged heart
-necrosis
death of tissue
-oid
resembling
spheroid
-ology
study of
-oma
tumor
-orrhage
burst forth, hemorrhage
-orrhaphy
suture
herniorrhaphy, repair of a hernia
-orrhea
flow
-osis
condition of
-ostomy
create a surgical opening
colostomy, surgical opening in the colon
-otomy
cutting into
laparotomy, cutting into the abdomen
-ous
pertaining to
-para
bring forth
-parous
giving birth, bearing
multiparous, giving birth multiple times
-pathy
disease
-penia
few
osteopenia, low number of bone cells
-pexy
fixation
-phage
ingest, swallow
-phasia
speech, speak
-phobia
fear
arachnophobia, fear of spiders
-plakia
plate, thin flat layer
-plasty
surgical repair
-plegia
paralysis
-pnea
breathing
-ptosis
drooping, prolapse
-ptysis
spitting
-rrhage
abnormal flow, excessive flow
-rrhaphy
stitch, suture
-rrhea
flow, discharge
diarrhea
-rrhexis
rupture
-sarcoma
turmor, cancer
-scopy
scan, visual exam
-sis
state of
-spasm
involuntary muscle twitching
-stalsis
constriction, contraction
-stasis
constant level
-stenosis
stricture, abnormal narrowing
-tic
pertaining to
-tome
cutting instrument
-trophy
nourishment, growth
-tropia
turn
-um
pertaining to
-uria
urine, urination
-y
act, result of an act
abdomin/o
abdomen
acr/o
extremities
aden/o
gland
adren/o
adrenal gland
angi/o
vessel
ankyl/o
looped, crooked, stationary
anter/o
before, in front of
apic/o
apex, narrowed or pointed end/part
arteri/o
artery
arthr/o
joint
arthroscope, an instrument to see inside of a joint
audi/o
sound
aut/o
self
bifid/o
split, cleft in two parts
blepharo
eyelid
brachi/o
arm
bronch/o
bronchial tubes
brux/o
gland, chew
bucc/o
cheek
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
cari/o
decay, rot
dental caries, tooth decay
caud/o
tail
cement/o
cementum
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cervic/o
neck
cheil/o
lip
chol/e
gall, bile
cholecyst
gallbladder
chondr/o
cartilage
cocc/i, cocc/o
round, spherical bacteria
col/o
colon, large intestine
coll/i
neck
coron/o
crown
cost/o
rib
crani/o
skull
cutane/o
skin
cyst/o
fluid-filled sac, bag, bladder
cyt/o
cell
dacry/o
tear duct
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
decidu
falling off, shed
dent/i, dent/o
tooth
dentition, teeth in the dental arches
derm/o
skin
dextr/o
right
dipl/o
double
duct/o
lead, carry
duoden/o
duodenum
edemat/o
swelling
edentul/o
toothless
electr/o
electric
emet/o
vomit
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestine
erythr/o
red
erythrocyte, red blood cell
esophag/o
esophagus
esthesi/o
feeling
excis/o
cutting out
faci/o
facial
facial surfaces of tooth, side of tooth that is facing away from the tongue side
fasci/o
fibrous, band
fiss/o
crack
flu/o
flow
foramin/o
opening
foss/o
shallow depression
freno
connecting band
gangli/o
nerve plexus, interwoven nerves
gastr/o
stomach
genit/o
birth, reproductive organs
geront/o
old age
gingiv/o
gum
gingivitis, inflammation of the gums
glen/o
socket, pit
gloss/o
tongue
glott/i, glott/o
back of tongue
gluc/o
sugar
gynec/o
woman, female
hal/o, halit/o
breath
hemo, hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
hered/o, heredit/o
inherited
hist/o
tissue
hom/o
same
hydr/o
water
hyster/o
uterus
ile/o
ileum, last part of sm. intestine
immun/o
immune, protected
incis/o
cutting into
infer/o
under, below
iri/o
iris, colored part of eye
jejun/o
jejunum, part of sm. intestine
jugul/o
throat
kerat/o
cornea, hard, horny
labi/o
lips
lacrim/o
tears, lacrimal duct
lact/o
milk
lapar/o
abdomen
laryng/o
larynx, voice box
later/o
side
leuk/o
white
leukocyte, white blood cell
lingu/o
tongue
lingual surface, surface closest to the tongue
lip/o
fat
lith/o
stone, calculus
lymph/o
lymph fluid that moves into lymphatic ducts/channels
mamm/o
breast
mastic/o, masticat/o
chew
maxill/o
maxilla, upper jaw bone
melan/o
black
melanoma, a malignant tumor with dark pigment
men/o
monthly, month, menstruation
menopause
mesi/o
middle
mesial, toward the middle or front of the mouth
muc/o, mucos/o
mucus
muscul/o
muscle
my/o
muscle
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
nar/i
nose, nostrils
necr/o
death
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
occlud/o
shut, close up
ocul/o
eye
odont/o
tooth
periodontal, pertaining to the structures around the teeth
oophor/o
ovary
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
orchis/o
testes
oste/o
bone
ot/o
ear
ovario
ovary
ovi/o
egg
palat/o
palate, roof of mouth
part/o
birth, labor
path/o
disease
pathology, the study of disease
ped/o
child, foot
phag/o
swallow
pharyng/o
pharynx, throat
phas/o
speech
phob/o
fear, dread
phleb/o
vein
pleur/o
membrane-lines inside of chest, covers lungs
pneum/o
lung, air
pod/o
foot
proct/o
rectum
psych/o
mind, soul
pulm/o
lung
pyel/o
kidney
py/o
pus
pyogenic, producing pus
quadr/o
four
rect/o
rectum
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
salping/o
oviduct or fallopian tube, tube
scler/o
twisted
semin/i
seed
sept/o
poison, infection
sinistr/o
left
somat/o
body
splen/o
spleen
spondyl/o
spine
squam/o
scaly
stat/i
standstill, stop
sten/o
contracted, narrow
stern/o
sternum or breastbone
stomat/o
mouth
stric/o
narrowing
syring/o
fistula, tube
tars/o
ankle
tax/o
order, arrangement
tend/o
tendon, stretch out
tens/o
stretch, strain
therm/o
heat
thromb/o
clot
thorac/o
chest
thym/o
thymus, a gland at base of neck in the young
thyr/o
thyroid, a gland that controls metabolism in neck
tox/o
poison
trache/o
windpipe, trachea
ur/o
urine, urinary
urethr/o
urethra or tube that carries urine out of body
urin/o
urine
uter/o
uterine
vas/o
vessel
ven/o
vein
vesic/o
bladder, sac
viscer/o
viscera, internal organ
xer/o
dryness
xerostomia, dry mouth
zygoma/o
yoke, cheekbone
homo-
same
hetero-
different
genio-
chin