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14 Cards in this Set

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The central actions of ethyl alcohol are synergestic with all of the following except caffeine.
-Diazepam
-meperidine
-Barbiturates
-Phenothiazines
All of teh following are contraindications to the use of oral ocntraceptives except hyperthyroidism
-hypertension
-History of breat cancer
-Undiagnosed genital bleeding
-History of thrombo embolic disease.
The follwoing statements are true regarding ethyl alcohol except that it initially simulates the CNS
-It has diuretic properties
- It dilates the blood vessels of the skin.
-Its emetic effects are due to local gastric as well as central effects.
-Blood vessels in excess of 500 mg% usually result in coma and death.
All of the following influence the rate of induction during anesthesia except heamoglobin content of the blood
-Pulmonary ventilation
-Blood supply to the lungs
-Concentration of the anesthetic in the inspired mixture.
-solubility of the anesthetic in the blood.
Each of the following drugs is considered to be a direct acting catecholamine except epinephrine
-amphetamine
-isoproterenol
-norepinephrine
all of the following peertain to general anesthesia induced by thiopental except decreased secretions.
-fast induction
-low therapeutic index
-short duration of anesthesia
-Predisposition of laryngospasm
all of the following factors are significant determinants of teh duration of conduction block with amide-type local anesthetics except blood plasma cholinesterase levels.
-ph of tissues in the area of injection
-degree of vasodialation cauased by the local anesthetic
-blood flwo throug th are of conduction block
-Concentration of the injected anesthetic solution.
all of the following are true regarding the intravenous agent ketamine except that it produces hypnosis and true anesthesia.
-Produces dissociative anesthesia
-may produce tonic and clonic convulsions.
-is now used primarily in children.
-may producedelirum,hallucinations and schizoid reactions.
Symptoms of digitalis toxicity include all of the follwoing except decreased P-R interval
- extrasystoles
- nausea and vomiting.
yellow-green vision.
A-V conduction block.
Each of the following drugs is used in the management of epilepsy Except diphenhydramine.
-phenytoin
-ethosuximide.
-valproic acid.
phenobarbital.
all of the follwoing statements are true regarding the general aspects of toxicology except most drugs excert a singl ecation.
- toxicity is both tim eand dose dependent.
-toxicity can be due to over dosage of a drug.
Toxicity can be anything ranging form nausea to death.
-for some drugs even minimal concentrations can be harmful.
Central skeletal muscle relaxation produced by depressio of the polysynaptic reflex arcs is brought about by all of the following drugs except tubocurarine.
-Diazepam
-Meprobamate.
-Lorazepam.
Advantages of inhalation sedation with nitrous oxide include all of the following except rapid bio tranformation in the liver.
- short recovery time.
- rapid onset of action.
- ability to alter the depth of sedation from moment to moment.
all of the follwoing statemnts are true about anti neoplastic agents eacept most agents possess a very high theraupatic index.
- genrally they are not curative ,although the success rate is imroving.
-generally they do not possess a selective efefct on neoplastic cells.
- They are most effective in widely disseminated,non solid tumors.
-they tend to supress function of the bone marrow.