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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
other body
cavities
oral, nasal, orbital,
middle ear and synovial
cell
basic unit of all
living things
tissue
group of cells
similiar in structure and
function
organ system
group of organs that act
together to perform a
particular body function
thymus
irregular mass of glandular
tissue overlying the heart
heart
medial oval structure
enclosed within the
pericardium(serous
membrane sac
lungs
flanking the heart on
either side
trachea
tubelike windpipe medially
down the throat
bronchi
2 passageways the plunge
laterally into the tissue
of the 2 lungs
esophagus
food chute part of digestive system
that transports food from the pharnyx
(throat) to the stomach
diaphram
thin muscle attached to the
inferior boundary of the rib
cage
stomach
a curved organ important in
food digestion and temporary
food storage
greater omentum
an extension of the peritoneum that
covers the abdominal viscera
small intestine
connected to the stomach and ending just before the saclike cecum
large intestine
large muscular tube connected to the small intestine and ending
at the anus
cecum
the initial portion
of the large intestine
rectum
terminal part of the
large intestine; continious
with the anal canal
ANUS
opening of the digestive
tract (through the anal
canal) to the exterior
mesentry
apron like serous membrane; suspends many of the digestive organs in the abdominal cavity. notice heavily
invested w/ blood vessels and more likely large fat deposits
pancreas
a diffuse gland; rest dorsal to and
in the mesentry between the first portion of the small intestine and the stomach
spleen
a dark red organ curving around the left lateral side of the stomach;
part of lymphatic system
called the red blood cell graveyardf
liver
large and brownish red; the most superior organ in the abdominal cavity, directly beneath the diaphram
kidney
bean shaped organs; retroperitoneal
(behind the peritoneum)
adrenal glands
large endocrine glands the sit
astride the superior margin of
each kidney
ureter
tube running from the indented
region of a kidney to the urinary
bladder
urinary bladder
the sac that serves oa a reservoir for urine
inferior vena cava
the large vein that returns blood to
the heart from the lower regions of
the body
inferior vena cava
the large vein that returns blood to the heart from the lower regions of
the body
descending aorta
deep to the inferior vena cava; the largest artery of the body; carries blood away from the hear down the midline of the body
arteries
carries blood away from heart
veins
blood vessels that convey blood
from tissues back to the heart
blood vessels
structures for the flow of
blood to and from the heart
and exchange of nutrients and wastes in tissues.