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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Define Manifest Destiny
Belief shared by many Americans in the mid-1800s that the United States was meant to expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean
How did John Tyler make history in 1841?
He was the first Vice President to become President after the President(William Henery Harrison) died in April 1841.
Who did the Democrats nominate?
James K. Polk
What idea played an important role in the presidential campaign of 1844?
The idea of Manifest Destiny
Who was elected President in 1844?
James K. Polk
What issue almost caused a war between Great Britain and the U.S.?
They disagreed over where in Oregon to draw the U.S. - Canada border.
What was the rallying cry at this time?
"Fifty - four forty or fight"
What agreement was reached in the 1846 treaty between the two countries?
It gave the United States all of Oregon land south of the 49th parallel.
In what year did Texas become a state?
What was the boundary dispute between the two nations?
The Mexican goverment continued to reject the Texas and U.S. claim that the Rio Grande marked the southern border of Texas, arguing that the real southern border lay along the Nueces river farther north.
In what year was war declared against Mexico?
List 3 examples of how the Mexican War was a first in many ways.
It was the first U.S. war fought mainly on foreign soil, the first time many newspapers covered a U.S. conflict, and it was one of the first to be photographed.
What famous American writer and philosopher went to jail for refuising to pay taxes?
Henry David Thoreau
Why did northern abolitionists oppose the war?
They feared that the U.S. might gain lands in the southwest and establish slavery there.
Which American General claimed the entire territory of New Mexico?
Stephen Kearny
Define Bear Flag Revolt.
Revolt against Mexico by American settlers in California who declared the territory an independent republic.
In what year did California become independent?
Define Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
Treaty that ended the Mexican War and gave the United States much of Mexico's northern territory.
Land that Mexico gave to the United States after the Mexican War through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo: included in what is now California, Nevada, and Utah: most of Arizona and New Mexica; and parts of Colorado, Texas, and Wyoming.
Mexican Cession
Which governing body ratified the U.S. treaty in 1848?
Purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present day Arizona and New Mexico.
Gadsden Purchase
In what year did the U.S. finally reach from "sea to shining sea"