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31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Artifact
something made or altered by humans
fossil
remains of something once living
excavation
the careful removal of dirt for study
Cultural dating
using what you know about a culture to identify what you dont know
Relitive dating
identifies the age of somthing campared to another know object
Stratigraphy
use of layers of soil to compare ages of object
Scientific Dating
determines precise age of an object
Dendrochronology
uses tree rings to identify the date of an object by matching them with an established time line (bar code)
RadioCarbon Dating
compares the amount of carbon 14 in an object with the amount it is sopussed to hav in life, this shows how long the object has been dead.
Anthropology
the study of human history
Archeology
the study of history throught artifacts and fossils
inference
an educated guess based on evidence
material culture
the items a culture uses The 'stuff that makes up our culture- jewlery, tools, currency, cars etc.
Culture
the beliefs, customs and achievements of a group of people it incorporates almost everything that a group does, wears, beliefs, values etc.
Australopithicus
southern ape, our earliest ancestors
Hom Habilis
Handy Human, first tools
home erectus
upright human, contriled fire
neaderthal
(homo sapien) made burials, big brain
Cro Magnon
Homo Sapien had art, clothing and tools
Ice man
Homo Sapien found preserved in ice
Hobbit
modern time, sophisticataed tools, very small
Raymond Dart
Archaeologist discovered Australopithecus
Eugene Dubois
Archaeologist discovered H.e.first in Java
Donald Johanson/"Lucy"
Archaeologist most famous Australopithecus remains in Olduvai Gorge
The Leakeys (Louis, Mary, & sons)
famous archeaologists spent most of their careers in Great Rift Valley, Australopithecus Homo Habillis, Homo Erectus
"Homo"
Human distinction given to critters with large enough brain size
Olduvai Gorge/Great rift Valley
site in Africa millions of years of history represented by layers of soil in valley walls
Neolithic
cultures who practiced farming
Paleolithic
cultures who used stone tools
Nomadic/Hunter Gatherer
people with no permenant homes, cultures who dont produce own food
Evoulotion
SLOW process of charnge, due to differencesin indoviduals whch improve chances of survival by meeting the needs of the enviorment