Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/72

Click to flip

72 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
VENTRAL ALSO MEANS ??




ANTERIOR
,
MEDIAL ALSO MEANS??



TOWARD THE MIDLINE
.
SUPERIOR ALSO MEANS??



ABOVE, IN A HIGHER POSITION
.
DORSAL ALSO MEANS??



POSTERIOR
.
LATERAL ALSO MEANS??



AWAY FROM THE MIDLINE
.
INFERIOR ALSO MEANS ??



BELOW, IN LOWER POSITION
.
CRANIAL ALSO MEANS??



NEAR THE HEAD
,
DISTAL ALSO MEANS ??



FARTHEST FROM THE ORIGIN
,
THE MOST SUPERIOR BODY CAVITY IS THE ??



CRANIAL CAVITY
,
WHEN THE BODY IS CUT INTO A TRANSVERSE PLANE, IT IS SEPARATED INTO TWO PARTS THAT WOULD BE CALLED ??

SUPERIOR--INFERIOR
.
CAUDAL ALSO MEANS??



NEAR THE "TAIL"
COULD ALSO MEAN INFERIOR
.
PROXIMAL ALSO MEANS??


NEAREST TO THE ORIGIN
CLOSEST TO THE TRUNK
,
SUPERFICIAL MEANS??



TOWARD OR AT THE BODY SURFACE
,
DEEP ALSO MEANS??



FARTHEST FROM THE BODY SURFACE
,
WHEN THE BODY IS CUT INTO A SAGITTAL PLANE, IT IS SEPARATED INTO TWO PARTS CALLED THE ??

MEDIAL--LATERAL
RIGHT & LEFT PORTIONS
.
WHEN THE BODY IS CUT INTO A SAGITTAL PLANE, IT IS SEPARATED INTO TWO PARTS CALLED THE ??

MEDIAL--LATERAL
RIGHT & LEFT PORTIONS
.
WHAT IS A CELL??



THE SMALLEST LIVING UNITS OF STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE BODY
,
WHAT ARE TISSUES??



TISSUES ARE GROUPS OF CELLS WITH THE SAME GENERAL FUNCTION.
,
WHAT ARE THE 4 TISSUE GROUPS

1. EPITHELIAL
2. CONNECTIVE
3. MUSCLE
4. NERVOUS
,
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE??

1. COVERS THE BODY SURFACE
2. LINES BODY CAVITIES
3. FORMS CERTAIN GLANDS
.
EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS CLASSIFIED BY??



1. NUMBER OF CELL LAYERS
2. SHAPE OF THE SURFACE CELLS
,
BASED ON CELL LAYERS, EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS CLASSIFIED AS??

1. SIMPLE (ONE LAYER THICK)
2. STRATIFIED (2 OR MORE LAYERS THICK)
3. PSEUDOSTRATIFIED (ONE LAYER BUT APPEARS TO HAVE MORE)
.
BASED ON THE SURFACE CELL SHAPES, EPITHELIAL TISSUE IS CLASSIFIED AS??

1. SQUAMOUS (FLAT)
2.COLUMNAR (TALL,CYLINDRICAL,PRISMATIC)
3. CUBOIDAL (CUBE SHAPED)
.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE??



CONNECTS AND SUPPORTS
,
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE MUSCLE TISSUE??



PRODUCES MOVEMENT
,
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE NERVOUS TISSUE??



CONDUCTS AN IMPULSE
.
ADIPOSE IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



CONNECTIVE TISSUE
.
AREOLAR IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



CONNECTIVE TISSUE
,
SQUAMOUS IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



EPITHELIAL TISSUE
,
SMOOTH IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



MUSCLE TISSUE
,
BONE IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



CONNECTIVE TISSUE
,
SENSORY IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



NERVOUS TISSUE
,
CUBOIDAL IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



EPITHELIAL TISSUE
,
GRAY MATTER IS WHAT KIND OF TISSUE??



NERVOUS TISSUE
,
A SUBSTANCE IS MADE OF ONLY ONE TYPE OF ATOM IS CALLED???


ELEMENT
,
FIRST STEP OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS



1. DNA SEPARATES, MRNA REARRANGES ITSELF TO MATCH UP WITH THE DNA CODE
,
3RD STEP OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS


3. TRNA BRINGS THE SPECIFIC AMINO ACIDS TO THE RIBOSOMES, ACCORDING TO THE CODE
,
WHAT IS THE LAST STEP OF THE PROTEIN SYNTHESIS??



A PROTEIN IS BORN!!
,
WHAT IS THE SECOND STEP OF PROTEIN SYNTHESIS??


MRNA LEAVES THE NUCLEUS CARRYING THE CODE TO THE RIBOSOMES
,
WHAT ARE THE LAYERS OF THE SKIN??

1. EPIDERMIS--OUTER LAYER
2. DERMIS--MIDDLE LAYER
3. SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE--INNER LAYER
.
WHAT IS AN ELEMENT??



AN ELEMENT IS COMPOSED OF ATOMS OF A SINGLE TYPE, SUCH AS CARBON
,
ATOMS CONTAIN WHAT 3 BASIC PARTICLES??

1. PROTONS
2. NEUTRONS
3. ELECTRONS
,
WHAT ARE PROTONS??



ARE POSITIVELY CHARGED PARTICLES IN THE ATOM'S NUCLEUS
,
WHAT ARE NEUTRONS ??



ARE UNCHANGED OR NEUTRAL PARTICLES IN THE ATOM'S NUCLEUS
,
WHAT ARE ELECTRONS??


ARE NEGETIVELY CHARGED PARTICLES THAT ORBIT AROUND THE NUCLEUS IN DIFFERENT ELECTRON SHELLS
,
WHAT IS A MOLECULE??



IS A SUBSTANCE COMPOSED OF TWO OR MORE ATOMS
,
WHAT IS A COMPOUND??



IS A SUBSTANCE COMPOSED OF TWO OR MORE ELEMENTS
.
IONIC BOND ??


AN IONIC BOND FORMS WHEN VALENCE ELECTRONS ARE TRANSFERRED FROM ONE ATOM TO ANOTHER
.
COVALENT BOND ??



A COVALENT BOND FORMS WHEN ATOMS SHARE PAIRS OF VALENCE ELECTRONS
.
HYDROGEN BOND??


FORMS WHEN TOW ATOMS ASSOCIATE WITH A HYDROGEN ATOM; OXYGEN AND NITROGEN COMMONLY FORM HYDROGEN BONDS
.
THE PROTEIN IN THE OUTER CELLS OF THE SKIN THAT MAKE THE SKIN RELATIVELY WATERPROOF IS??


KERATIN
.
THE LARGEST BONES OF THE ARM AND THE LEG ARE ??



HUMEROUS & FEMUR
,
THE NUTRIENTS THAT BECOME PART OF THE BONE MATRIX ARE ??



CALCIUM & PHOSPHORUS
,
CLASSIFY LONG BONES ??

1. CLAVICLE 2. HUMERUS 3. RADIUS
4. ULNA 5. FEMUR 6. TIBIA
7. FIBULA 8. METATARSALS
9. METACARPALS 10. PHALANGES
,
CLASSIFY SHORT BONES ??

1. ANKLE
2. WRIST

SESAMOID BONES ?? PATELLA (KNEECAP)
.
CLASSIFY FLAT BONES ??


1. STERNUM
2. RIBS
3. MOST SKULL BONES
,
CLASSIFY IRREGULAR BONES ??


1. VERTEBRAE
2. HIP BONES
3. SOME SKULL BONES
,
WHAT IS A LIGAMENT??

ARE BANDS OF STRONG, FLEXIBLE, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT CONNECT THE ARTICULAR ENDS OF BONES. (BONES TO BONES)
.
WHAT ARE TENDONS??

ARE BANDS OF FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACH MUSCLES TO BONES, THEY ENABLE BONES TO MOVE WHEN SKELETAL MUSCLES CONTRACT
.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE BICEPS FEMORIS??



FLEX LOWER LEG (KNEEL)
.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE LATISSIMUS DORSI??

1. EXTENDS & ADDUCTS UPPER ARM
2. EXTEND AND ADDUCT ARM AS IN THROWING A BALL OR IN A SWIMMING STROKE
.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE MASSETER??




CHEWING
.
WHAT IS THE DELTOID FUNCTION??



1. ABDUCTS THE ARM
2. ABDUCTS THE UPPER ARM
,
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE ADDUCTORS??



1. ADDUCT THE LEGS
2. ADDUCTS THIGH
.
WHAT IS THE FUNCTION OF THE TRICEPS BRACHII??



EXTENDS THE FOREARM
/
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID IS FORMED BY THE??




CHOROID PLEXUS
,
DURING DEPOLARIZATION OF A NEURON, SODIUM IONS DO WHAT ????



RUSH INTO THE CELL
.
THE HORMONE THAT CAUSES OVULATION IS??




LH (LUTENINZING HORMONE)
.
THE HORMONE NECESSARY FOR THE MATURATION OF SPERM IS???



TESTOSTERONE
/
THE TWO HORMES THAT REGULATE THE BLOOD CALCIUM LEVEL ARE??

1. PARATHYROID HORMONE (PTH)
2. CALCITONIN
,
THE HORMONE THAT INITIATES EGG OR SPERM PRODUCTION IS???



FSH (FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE)
,
THE HORMONE THAT LOWERS THE BLOOD GLUCOSE BY ENABLING CELLS TO TAKE IN GLUCOSE IS???


INSULIN
.