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244 Cards in this Set

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in
(+ abl.) in, on; (+ acc.) into, onto, against
qui
quae, quod, cuius, cuius, cuius, cui, cui, cui, quem, quam, quod, quo, qua, quo, qui, quae, quae, quorum, quarum, quorum, quibus, quibus, quibus, quos, quas, quae, quibus, quibus, quibus, (relative pronoun) who, whom, which, that
et
and, even, also
et ... et ...
both ... and ...
is
ea, id, eius, eius, eius, ei, ei, ei, eum, eam, id, eo, ea, eo, ei, eae, ea, eorum, earum, eorum, eis, eis, eis, eos, eas, ea, eis, eis, eis, he, she, it, his, her, its, him, her
ad
(+ acc) to, towards, near; (adv.) nearby
sum
esse, fui, futurus, be, exist
Reflexive Pronoun
--, sui, sibi, se, se, himself, herself, itself, themselves
atque
and, as well as
quis
quis, quid, cuius, cuius, cuius, cui, cui, cui, quem, quem, quid, quo, quo, quo, Plural Same as Relative Pronoun, Who?, Whom? What? Which?
cum
(+ abl) with, together with; (conj.) (+ indicative) when, (+ subjunctive) when, since, because, although
hic
haec, hoc, huius, huius, huius, huic, huic, huic, hunc, hanc, hoc, hoc, hac, hoc, hi, hae, haec, horum, harum, horum, his, his, his, hos, has, haec, his, his, his, this, this one, he, she, it, his, her, its, him
ex
(+ abl) out of, from
ab
OR a OR abs, (+ abl.) away from, from, by
Caesar
Caesaris, m., Caesar (likely Gaius Iulius Caesar, 101? - 44 B.C.E.; Roman Statesman and Dictator)
ut
(+ indicative) as; (+ subjunctive, set off by ita, sic, talis, tantus, et cetera) that; (+ subjunctive) so that
non
not, by no means, not at all
possum
posse, potui, (+ infinitive) be able, can
hostis
hostis, m./f., stranger, foreigner, enemy
edo
edere, edidi, editus, give forth, emit
edo
edere, edi, esus, eat, devour, consume
magnus
magna, magnum, (comparative) maior, (superlative) maximus, great, large
neque
OR nec, and ... not, nor
neque ... neque ...
OR nec ... nec ... OR neque ... nec ... OR nec ... neque ..., neither ... nor ...
res
rei, f., thing, object, matter, affair, business, circumstance, deed, condition, case
facio
facere, feci, factum, make, construct, fashion, build, erect, produce, compose
legio
legionis, m., legion, body of soldiers
omnis
omnis, omne, (third declension -i- stem adjective), whole, all, every
pars
partis, f., part, piece, portion, share, division, section
noster
nostra, nostrum, our, our own, of us, ours
ipse
ipsa, ipsum, (intensive pronoun), himself, herself, itself, themselves
civitas
civitatis, f., condition of a citizen, citizenship, state, civilization
de
(+ abl.) down from, about, from, out of, away from
Romanus
Romana, Romanum, of Rome, Roman
suus
sua, suum, (reflexive adjective) his own, her own, its own, their own
habeo
habere, habui, habitum, have, hold, support, carry, wear
si
if, when, inas much as, since
aut
or
aut ... aut ...
either ... or ...
eo
(adv.) there
eo
ire, ivi OR ii, iturus, go, run, travel, come
copia
copiae, f., abundance, ample supply, plenty
causa
causae, f., cause, reason; (in abl. + noun in gen.) for the sake of
mitto
mittere, misi, missus, cause to go, let go, send, send off, dispatch
cognosco
cognoscere, cognovi, cognitum, get to know, become acquainted with, learn
venio
venire, veni, venturus, come
dies
diei, m., day, daytime
video
videre, vidi, visum, see, discern, perceive
locus
loci, m., place, spot
finis
finis, m., boundary, line, border
miles
militis, m., soldier
tempus
temporis, n., time
castra
castrorum, n. pl., military camp, encampment
castrum
castri, n., fortified place, castle, fort, fortress
oppidum
oppidi, n., town, city, collection of dwellings
Aedui OR Haedui
Aeduorum or Haeduorum, m. pl., Gallic tribe occupying territory between Saone and Loire
sed
but, on the contrary, but also, but even, but in fact
superus
supera, superum, (comparative) superior, (superlative) supremus, that is above, upper, higher
unus
una, unum, (-ius adj.) one, a single
reliquus
reliqua, reliquum, left, left over, remaining
iubeo
iubere, iussi, iussus, order, command, appoint
per
(+ acc.) through, across
flumen
fluminis, n., flowing, stream, running water, river
multus
multa, multum, (comparative) plus, (superlative) plurimus, much, many
consilium
consili(i), n., council, assembly, plan
tantus
tanta, tantum, such a great, so great
dico
dicere, dixi, dictum, say, utter
quam
(adv.) in what manner; (+ positive adj.) how ...!; (+ comparative adj.) ... than ...; (+ superlative adj.) as ... as possible ...
iter
itineris, n., a going, journey
tamen
notwithstanding, nevertheless, however, yet, still
multitudo
multitudinis, f., great number, multitude
Gallius
Gallia, Gallium, Gallic, French
bellum
belli, n., war, warfare
bellus
bella, bellum, beautiful, pretty, handsome
longus
longa, longum, long
homo
hominis, m./f., human, human-being, man, person
idem
eadem, idem, (is, ea, id + -dem; where -m-, find -n-), the same
relinquo
relinquere, reliqui, relictum, leave behind, move away from, abandon
proelium
proeli(i), n., battle, combat
equito
equitare, equitavi, equitatum, ride, ride a horse
ille
illa, illud, illius, illius, illius, illi, illi, illi, illum, illam, illud, illo, illa, illo, illi, illae, illa, illorum, illarum, illorum, illis, illis, illis, illos, illas, illa, illis, illis, illis, illis, that, those,
do
dare, dedi, datum, hand over, deliver, give, render, pay, surrender
duo
duae, duo, duorum, duarum, duorum, duobus, duobus, duobus, duos/duo, duas, duo, duobus, duobus, duobus
Gallia
Galliae, f., Gaul, Gallia, Roman provinces, dominated and united by I. Caesar
neo
neo, nere, nevi, netum, spin, weave
ne
(adv.) not; (+ subjunctive) that ... not, lest; (after verbs of fearing + subjunctive) that
mille
thousand
eques
equitis, m., horseman, rider
existimo
existimare, existimavi, existimatum, value, estimate
pro
(+ abl.) in front of, on behalf of, for
nullus
nulla, nullum, not any, none, no
contendo
contendere, contendi, contentus, stretch
ito
itare, itavi, itatum, go
recipio
recipere, recepi, receptum, take back, bring back, retake, regain
numerus
numeri, m., number
inter
(+ acc.) in between, between, betwixt
constituo
constituere, constiti, constitutum, set up, erect
etiam
too, also, as well, now too, yet, even yet, still, even
munitio
munitionis, m., fortification, defences, protection
navis
navis, f., ship
gero
gerere, gessi, gestum, bear, carry, wear
virtus
virtutis, f., manliness, manhood, strength, bravery, courage, excellence
populus
populi, m., people
praesidium
prasidi(i), n., protection, guardianship, help, aid, assistance
peto
petere, petivi OR petii, petitum, strive for, seek, aim at, travel to
celer
quick, swift, speedily, hastily, immediately
-iter
ending added to adjective making it adverbial
iam
now, already
periculum
periculi, n., trial, danger, experiment, attempt, proof, essay
fero
ferre, tuli, latum, bear, carry, support, lift up, hold
convenio
convenire, conveni, conventurus, come together, assemble, gather
transeo
transire, transivi OR transii, transitum, travel across, traverse, go across
quisque
(quis, quis, quid + -que) whoever it is, whatever, each one, every one, everybody, everything
ante
(adv.) beforehand; (+ acc.) before, in front of
reor
reri, ratus sum, reckon, calculate, believe, think, suppose, imagine, judge, deem
primus
prima, primum, first
totus
tota, totum, (-ius adj.), all, whole, entire, total
huc
to this place, hither
nox
noctis, f., night, night-time
propter
(+ acc.) on account of, because of
impero
imperare, imperavi, imperatum, command, order, bid, give an order
parvus
parva, parvum, (comparative) minor, (superlative) minimus, small, little, petty, puny, insignificant
nam
for
silva
silvae, f., forest, woods
frumentum
frumenti, n., corn, grain, harvested grain, fruit
ibi
in that place, there
fio
fieri, factus sum, become
coepi
coepisse, coeptum, begin, commence
capio
capere, cepi, captum, take hold of, seize, grasp
pugno
pugnare, pugnavi, pugnatum, fight, give battle, engage (militarily)
equitatus
equitatus, m., cavalry
ego
mei, mihi, me, me, nos, nostri/nostrum, nobis, nos, nobis, I, my, mine, me, we, our, ours, us
cogo
cogere, coegi, coactum, gather together, collect
passus
passus, m., pace, foot
Rhenus
Rheni, m., Rhine (river)
obsido
obsidere, obsedi, obsessus, take possession of, occupyq
fuga
fugae, f., fleeing, flight, running away
lego
legare, legavi, legatum, commission, despatch
lego
legere, legi, lectum, read, peruse, collect
accido
accidere, accidi, accisus, cut down, weaken
accido
accidere, accidi, happen, occur, fall down towards
utor
uti, usus sum (+ abl. direct object), use, make use of, employ, profit by, take advantage of, enjoy
Labienus
Labieni, m., Labienus (Titus Labienus, I. Caesar's officer, who defeated Pompey, d. 45 B.C.E.)
impedimentum
impedimenti, n., hinderance, impediment
animus
animi, m., rational spirit, mind, spirit
imperium
imperi(i), n., military force; command, order, direction
pervenio
pervenire, perveni, perventum, come up on, arrive at
exercitus
exercitus, m., army,
opus
operis, n., work, labor
ager
agri, m., field, farm, estate, pasture
discedo
discedere, discessi, discessum, depart, leave behind, seperate, be seperated
legatus
legati, m., ambassador, legate
alter
altera, alterum (-ius adj.), another, the other; (in pairs) the one ... the other ...
provincia
provinciae, f., province, business pursuit
volo
velle, volui, (+ infinitive) want, desire, wish
ubi
where, when
spes
spei, f., hope
ita
in this manner, in this way, in such a way, thus
exerceo
exercere, exercui, exercitum, drive, keep busy, work, overwork, agitate
impetus
impetus, m., attack, assault, onset
alius
alia, aliud, (-ius adj.) another, other, a different
vis
--, vi, vim, vi, vires, virium, viribus, vires, viribus, f., power, physical force, vigor, power, energy
facilis
facilis, facile (Third -i- stem adj.) easy to do, easy, without difficulty
sequor
sequi, secutus sum, follow, come after, follow after, attend, accompany
prohibeo
prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum, hold before, hold back, keep away, check, restrain, hinder, avert
duco
ducere, duxi, ductum, lead, conduct, guide, direct, draw, bring, fetch, escort
tum
then, at that time, in those times
contineo
continere, continui, contentum, hold together, bound, limit, comprise, enclose, surround, environ
adduco
adducere, adduxi, adductum, lead to, bring to, bring along
certus
certa, certum, determined, resolved, fixed, settled, purposed, certain
nihil
OR nil, nothing, (+ gen.) none of --
intellego
intellegere, intellegi, intellectum, come to know, see into, perceive, understand, discern, comprehend, gather
infero
inferre, intuli, illatum, bring in, introduce, bring to, carry in
timor
timoris, m., fear, dread, apprehension, timidity, alarm, anxiety
ratio
rationis, m., reckoning, numbering, casting up, account, calculation, computation
manus
manus, f., hand
contra
(+ acc.) against, in opposition to, opposite, face to face with, in front of
quidem
assuredly, certainly, in fact, indeed
apud
(+ acc.) at, near, at the house of
pario
parere, peperi, partum, bear, give birth to, drop, lay, spawn
castro
castrare, castravi, castratum, emasculate
annus
anni, m., year
instituo
instituere, institui, institutum, put in place, plant, fix, set
milium
mili(i), n., millet
interficio
interficere, interfeci, interfectum, kill
loco
locare, locavi, locatum, place, put, lay, set, arrange
Ariovistus
Ariovisti, m., Ariovistus (unifying Germanic king, opposing Caesar)
absum
abesse, aufui, aufuturus, be away from, be absent
arma
armorum, n. pl., weapons, implements, outfit, tools
accipio
accipere, accepi, acceptum, take without effort, receive, get, accept
agmen
agminis, n., battle-unit, that which is driven
cohors
cohortis, m., cohort, court, enclosure, pen, cattle-yard
regio
regionis, m., direction, line, region
sustineo
sustinere, sustinui, hold up, support
pono
ponere, posui, positum, put down, put, place, set, fix, lay, deposit
consto
constare, constiti, stand together, agree, accord
salus
salutis, f., soundness, health, good health, vigor
appello
appellere, appuli, appulsus, (+ dat OR + ad + acc.) drive (something) to (somewhere)
appello
appellare, appellavi, appellatum, speak to, address, beseech
milito
militare, militavi, militaturus, be a soldier, perform military service, serve as a soldier
proficiscor
proficisci, profectus sum, start, start out, depart
teneo
tenere, tenui, tenitum, hold, keep, have, grasp
perterreo
perterrere, perterrui, perteritum, frighten thoroughly, terrify
quo
to where, whither
qua
on which side, at which place, in what direction, where, by which way
illic
to that place, thither
autem
but, on the other hand, on the contrary, however
post
(+ acc.) after, behind
Treveri OR Treviri
Treverorum OR Trevirorum, m. pl., Treveri (a people of Eastern Gaul)
complures
complures, complura, more than one, not a few, several, a number, many
paro
parare, paravi, paratum, prepare
factum
facti, n., deed, act, exploit, achievement
dimitto
dimittere, dimisi, dimissum, send different ways, send out, send forth, scatter, distribute
sub
(+ abl) under, below; (+ acc.) down under (implying motion)
ago
agere, egi, actum, put in motion, move, lead, drive, tend, conduct, do
impedio
impedire, impedivi OR impedii, impeditum, entangle, ensnare, shackle, hamper, hinder, hold fast
adeo
adire, adivi OR adii, aditurus, go to/towards, arrive at
committo
committere, commisi, commissum, bring together, join together, begin, commit
prior
priora, priorum, former, previous, prior, first
consilior
consiliari, consiliavi, consiliatum, take counsel, consult
armo
armare, armavi, armatum, furnish with weapons, arm, equip
arbritror
arbitrari, arbitratus sum, testify on information and belief, depose to one's best knowledge
amplus
ampla, amplum, of large extent, great, ample, spacious
redeo
redire, redivi OR redii, rediturus, go back, turn back, return, turn around
demonstro
demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum, point out, indicate, designate
interim
meanwhile, in the meantime
senatus
senatus, m., Senate (originally a group of 100 men chosen by the king to act as his counsel)
consuetudo
consueduninis, f., custom, habit, use, usage, practice, familiarity, experience, tradition, precedent
uter
utra, utrum, (-ius adjective) which (of two) ...?
at
but, but on the other hand, but meanwhile
enim
for, for instance, namely, that is to say, I mean, in fact
deligo
deligare, deligavi, deligatum, tie up, fashion
deligo
deligere, delegi, delectum, pick off, pick out, choose, select, gather ... to draft, hold a draft
acies
aciei, f., sharpness, keenness of vision, glance, eyesight, battleline, battle, battle field
natura
naturae, f., nature, birth
mons
montis, m., mountain, peak, mount
auxilium
auxili(i), n., help, aid, assistance, support
princeps
principis, (3rd Declension Adjective), first in order, foremost; m, first-citizen (Augustus' favorite title)
gravis
gravis, grave, (-i- stem 3rd Declension Adj.) heavy, weighty, ponderous, burdensome, loaded, laden, burdened
immitis
immitis, immite, unripe, sour
cubo
cubare, cubavi OR cubui, cubatum, lie, lie down
iudex
iudicis, m., judge
reperio
reperire, repperi, repertum, find, discover
pertineo
pertinere, pertinui, reach, extend; (+ ad + acc) reach, pertain to