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7 Cards in this Set

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Josephine de Beauharnais
A former mistress of Barras and a widow of the Vicomte de Beauharnais, who was guillotined in 1794. She married Napoleon in 1796 and while he was in Egypt she had an affair with another man.
Treaty of Campo-Formio
Treaty that Napoleon negotiated during his campaign in Italy, bringing an end to disputes with al European nations except for England.
coup d’état
The taking over control of a government by force. The Directory performed a coup d’etat to take control of France in 1797. By having the military occupy the city of Paris the directory was able to arrest, exile, and kill members of the Consuls and the public who were in opposition to them.
Consuls of the French Republic
Legislative bodies representative of the departments, and part of the government along with the Directory.
How did the Directory come to dominate France? Why was it increasingly relying on the military to maintain its grip on power?
The directory were originally elected to power in November of 1975. They began relying on the military because they were under attack from the Royalists and the Jacobins and began loosing public support.
Who were the Consuls of the French Republic? How did Napoleon Bonaparte become one of them?
The Consuls were the three men appointed to help the new 25 member committees draft a constitution. Napoleon became one by coming back from Egypt and engineering the coup that overthrew the Councils and the Directory.
Why do you think that Hibbert states at the end of the epilogue that Napoleon, “...was the Revolution’s heir..?”
Napoleon was the next in a long line of leaders to take control of the revolution. In a sense the revolution was handed down from leader to leader, each one picking up where the last left off, much like an heir takes on the responsibilities and privileges of an heirloom.