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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state
any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort
Side effect-
any effect that is caused by a drug and that is different from the drug’s intended effect
a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine
Over-the-counter (OTC) medicine-
any medicine that can be bought without a prescription
a condition in which a person can no longer control his or her drug use
Drug tolerance-
a condition in which a user needs more of a drug to feel the same effect felt when first using the drug
Physical dependence-
a state in which the body relies on a given drug in order to function
Psychological dependence-
a state of emotionally or mentally needing a drug in order to function
uncomfortable physical and psychological symptoms produced when a physically dependent drug user stops using drugs
connections betweens neurons
nerve cells
the drug in whine, beer, and liquor that causes intoxication
the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)-
the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood expressed as a percentage
Binge drinking-
the act of drinking five or more drinks in one sitting
a deadly disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue; most often cause by long-term alcohol abuse
Designated driver-
a person who chooses not to drink alcohol in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive himself or herself and others
helping an addict avoid the negative consequences of his or her behavior
the highly addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products
any chemical or agent that causes cancer
a sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of the airways and that contains many carcinogens
Carbon monoxide-
a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the blood stream
a respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of alveoli because they become blocked or lose their elasticity
Sidestream smoke-
smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Mainstream smoke-
smoke that is inhaled through a cigarette and then exhaled by a cigarette smoker
Environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke)-
a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke