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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Drug-
any substance that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state
Medicine-
any drug used to cure, prevent, or treat illness or discomfort
Side effect-
any effect that is caused by a drug and that is different from the drug’s intended effect
Prescription-
a written order from a doctor for a specific medicine
Over-the-counter (OTC) medicine-
any medicine that can be bought without a prescription
Addiction-
a condition in which a person can no longer control his or her drug use
Drug tolerance-
a condition in which a user needs more of a drug to feel the same effect felt when first using the drug
Physical dependence-
a state in which the body relies on a given drug in order to function
Psychological dependence-
a state of emotionally or mentally needing a drug in order to function
Withdrawal-
uncomfortable physical and psychological symptoms produced when a physically dependent drug user stops using drugs
Synapse-
connections betweens neurons
Neurons-
nerve cells
Alcohol-
the drug in whine, beer, and liquor that causes intoxication
Intoxication-
the physical and mental changes produced by drinking alcohol
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC)-
the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood expressed as a percentage
Binge drinking-
the act of drinking five or more drinks in one sitting
Cirrhosis-
a deadly disease that replaces healthy liver tissue with scar tissue; most often cause by long-term alcohol abuse
Designated driver-
a person who chooses not to drink alcohol in a social setting so that he or she can safely drive himself or herself and others
Enabling-
helping an addict avoid the negative consequences of his or her behavior
Nicotine-
the highly addictive drug that is found in all tobacco products
Carcinogen-
any chemical or agent that causes cancer
Tar-
a sticky, black substance in tobacco smoke that coats the inside of the airways and that contains many carcinogens
Carbon monoxide-
a gas that blocks oxygen from getting into the blood stream
Emphysema-
a respiratory disease in which air cannot move in and out of alveoli because they become blocked or lose their elasticity
Sidestream smoke-
smoke that escapes from the tip of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe
Mainstream smoke-
smoke that is inhaled through a cigarette and then exhaled by a cigarette smoker
Environmental tobacco smoke (secondhand smoke)-
a combination of exhaled mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke