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75 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Better training means what?
greater freedom
What is the definition of Dance Kinesiology?
Study of how muscles and bones and how they work together to be effective and efficient.
What are 4 reasons as to why there needed to be dance medicine in the late 60's and not just regular sports medicine?
1. Problems in footwork & releve
2. Stress on body from turned out position.
3. overuse injuries
4. nutrition.
Synergism connect balance between _____ and _______?
Science and Artistry.
What is hypersensitivity?
Over knowing what is happening.
What is an overuse injury?
An injury that occurs over time instead of all at once like traumatic injuries?
As a choreographer, teacher, and dancer why is it important to study kinesiology?
*Awareness of range of motion
*potential; cast appropriately
*awareness; help performance ability
*prevent injuries
What is the use for the skeleton in the human body?
It provides potential for human movement.
What is the use of muscles in the human body?
It provides force necessary for motion to occur.
A joint has to do with what?
With structure of bones around joint.
Movement is restricted or limited by?
1. Bones
2. Ligaments
3. Muscles
Ligaments are? (2 things) and they can be _____ and _____ strung together.
Non-elastic so they aren't suppose to stretch, and they connect bone to bone; loosely, tightly
If a ligament is stretched then what does it do to the joint?
It unstabilizes it.
Where does your range of motion come from?
Your muscles
Why are restrictions important in dance?
It helps us understand limits, keeps us safe.
As you work on flexibility it is also important to work on what?
Stability.
Compensating causes ____.
injuries.
Is double-jointedness for real?
No, it is only a phenomenon.
difference in mobility is primarily in the _____ _______.
Ligamentous structure.
What is anterior?
front
What is posterior?
Back
What is lateral or frontal?
To the side.
What is medial?
Toward the middle.
What is superior?
Above.
What is inferior?
Below.
What is proximal?
Usually used in limbs-closer to the center of the body.
What is distal?
Farther away from the center of the body (The knee joint is fromed by the distal end of the femur and the proximal end of the tibia.)
What is superficial?
Muscle layer closest to the skin.
What is deep?
Muscle layer closest to the bone.
Flexion
Decreasing the angle between two levers
Extension
Increasing the angle between two levers.
Hyperextension
Increasing the angle between two levers beyond 180 degrees
Abduction
Movement away from the midline of the body.
Adduction
Movement toward the midline of the body
Rotation
Movement around the central axis of a lever.
Inward rotation (inversion)
Rotation of the limbs inward toward the front of the body.
Outward rotation (eversion)
Rotation of the limbs outward, away from the front of the body.
Ossification
Hardening of bones
Epiphysial line
Region of the longs bones of the body where growth occurs
Articulation
Points at which two or more bones meet to form a joint.
Articulating surface
Surface of a bone that contacts another bone.
Hyaline Cartilage:
Dense cushioning material found on the articulating surface.
Synovial membrane
Connective tissue encasement around a joint (joint capsule)
Synovial Fluid
Lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane into the joint capsule
Ligaments
Nonelastic connective tissue that connects bone to bone
Tendons
Elastic connective tissue that connect muscle to bone
Bursa
Tiny fluid-filled sacs that serve as "ball-bearings" at the body's high-friction points.
Fossa
Big cavity, depression, or hollow
Fovea
Deep pit
Groove
Long narrow indentation
Foramen
Hole
Trochanter
Large "chunk" of bone
Tuberosity
Medium sized "chunk"
Tubercle
Little "pimple" of bone
Crest
Large ridge or border of bone
Line
Smaller ridge of bone.
Spine
projection of bone
Head
Spherical shape beyond a narrow neckline portion of bone-usually at the end of a bone.
Condyle
Big segments of bone, usually at the end of a bone, frequently serving as joint articulations.
Tendon
provides support for bone
You should never work in _____ position.
hyperextension.
If your injured on the _____ ______ then you may not grow anymore
epiphyseal line
When can a girl start pointe?
After she stops growing
Where does a stretch come from?
The belly of a muscle
What is a plane?
A flat, level surface extending into space.
What plane does basic movement of flexion, extension, and hyperextension occurs?
Sagittal plane
What plane does abduction and adduction occur?
Frontal
Rotary movement occur and the ____ plane.
Transverse
Movement in diagonal involve movements on the ______ and ______plane. This is also called?
frontal, saggittal; combinations
Labeling of actions is relative to ____.
direction
Action is defined by _____.
Direction.
Gravity ____ us toward the earth
pulls
Gravity is...(finish sentence)
a constant factor in human movement.
We must constantly ____ the pull of ______ to be able to move about.
counteract, gravity
dancers are more efficient if their bodies are in _____.
Alignment.