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66 Cards in this Set

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Superior (cranial or cephaiad)
Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; above
Inferior (caudal)
Away from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
Anterior (ventral)
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Posterior (dorsal)
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Medial
Toward or at the midline of the body; on the inner side of
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
Intermediate
Bewtween a more medial and a more lateral structure
Proximal
Close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Distal
Farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Superficial
Toward or at the body sureface
Deep
Away from the body surface; more internal
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial
Point of shoulder
Antecubital
Anterior sureface of elbow
Axillary
Armpit
Brachial
Arm
Buccal
Cheer area
Carpal
Wrist
Cervical
Neck region
Coxal
Hip
Crural
Leg
Digital
Fingers, toes
Femoral
Thigh
Fibular
Lateral part of leg
Inguinal
Area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
Nasal
Nose area
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eye area
Patellar
Anterior knee
Pelvic
Area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
Pubic
Genital region
Sternal
Breastone area
Tarsal
Ankle region
Thoracic
Chest
Umbilical
Navel
Cephalic
Head
Deltoid
Curve of shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle
Gluteal
Buttock
Lumbar
Area of back between ribs and hips
Occipital
Posterior surface of head
Popliteal
Posterior knee area
Sacral
Area between hips
Scapular
Shoulder blade region
Sural
The posterior surface of lower leg; the calf
Vertebral
Area of spine
Directional Terms
Terms used by medical personel and anatomists allowing them to explain exactly where on body structure is in relation to another
Section
A cut
Plane
An imaginary line
Sagittal Section
A cut made along the lengthwise, longitudinal, plane of the body, dividing the body into right and left parts
Midsagittal (Median) Section
When a cut is made down the median plane of the body and the right and left parts are equal in size
Frontal (Coronal) Section
A cut made along a lengthwise plane that divides the body (or an organ) into anterior and posterior parts
Transverse (Cross) Section
A cut made along a horizontal plane, dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts
Dorsal Body Cavity
Containing the cranial and spinal cavity; they are continuous with each other
Cranial Cavity
The space inside the bony skull
Spinal Cavity
Extends from the cranial cavity nearly to the enh of the vertebral column.
Ventral Body Cavity
Contains all the structures within the chest and abdomen
Thoracic Cavity
Contains organs like lungs, heart, and others; seperated by the rest of the ventral cavity by the diaphragm
Diaphragm
A dome-shaped muscle
Abdominal Cavity
Containing the stomach, liver, intestines, and other organs
Pelvic Cavity
Containing the reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum
Umbilical Region
The centermost region deep to and surrounding the umblilicus
Epigastric Region
Located superior to the umbilical region
Hypogastric (Pubic) Region
Inferior to the umbilical region
Right and Left Iliac (Inguinal) Regions
Lateral to the hypogastric region
Right and Left Lumbar Regions
Lateral to the umbilical region
Right and Left Hypochondriac Regions
Flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs