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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
several technologies can be used to image the oropharyngeal reagion: (name all 4)
ultrasound, videoendoscopy, videofloroscopy, scintigraphy
ultrasound studies of the oral cavity have been used to observe _______ funciton and to measure ___________, as well as motion of the _______
tongue function, oral transit times, motion of the hyoid bone
ultrasound cannot visualize _______
the pharynx
the inibility to image the pharynx has limited the application of ultrasound to the study of _____ stages of the swallow
videoendoxcopy has been used to examine
the anatomy of the oral cavity and pharynx from above, and to examine the pharynx and larynx before and after swallowing
endoscopy does not visualize the _____ stage of the swallow
the advantage of videoendoscopy is that
there is no radiation exposure
the videoendoscopy can be used to test _____ awareness by touching the pharyngeal and laryngeal structures
endoscopy can be used to provide biofeedback to the patient who is having difficulty
learning the airway closure maneuvers
the most frequently used technique in the assessment of oropharyngeal swallow is
videofluoroscopic studies provide information on _________
bolus transit times, motility problems, and amount and etiology of aspiration
videofluoroscopy enables visualization of (3)
1. oral activity during chewing and oral stage of swallowing 2. the triggering of the pharyngeal swallow 3. the motor aspects of the pharyngeal swallow
the videofluoroscopy procedure is called a
modified barium swallow
the modified barium swallow is not designed to _________, but to understand____
not to determine whether someone aspirates, but to understand why they aspirate
once the abnormalities in the patient's anatomy or swallow physiology have been identified, the clinician should
introduce treatment strategies during the radiographic study in order to facilitate safe and more effective oral intake
scintigraphy is a nuclear medicine test in which the patient swallows
measured amounts of radioactive substance
scintigraphy can measure
the amount of aspiration and residue. but, the physiology of the mouth and pharynx is not visualized
scintigraphy can be diagnostic for
esophageal aspects of swallowing dysfunction
electromyography records information from
muslces of the floor of the mouth or from muscles involved in laryngeal elevation
surface EMG of these muscles has been used as a marker of the
onset of swallow
electroglottography (EGG)
is designed to track vocal fold movement by recording the impedance changes as the volcal folds move
Cervical auscultation is
listening to and recording the sounds of swallowing, and the sounds of respiration
pharyngeal manometry allows measurement of
intrabolus pressures and the timing of the pharyngeal contractile wave.
accurate interpretation of pharyngel manometry generally requires _________ of the bolus position in relation to the manometric sensors,
the pressure sensors in pharyngeal manometry are placed
tonge base, upper esophageal sphincter, and cervial esophagus.
if understanding the patient's pharyngeal anatomy is the question, then
rigid videoendoscopy is the best procedure
if defining the presence (but not the cause) of aspiration is the goal, then
flexible fibertropic videoscopy is the procedure
if understanding pharyngeal physiology in relation to symptoms is the goal, then
videofluoroscopy should be used
if pressure generated during swallowing is the info needed
then pharyngel manometry would be used.