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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
achievement tests
a measurement of knowledge and/or skills a student possesses
affective assessment
a measurement of a student's attitudes interests, and/or value
alignment
the substantive agreement between two or more of the following: curriculum, instruction, and assessment
alternate form reliability
the consistency of measured results yielded by different forms of the same test
analytic scoring
a method of scoring a student's constructed responses involving the application of multipleevaluation criteria, one criterion at a time
aptitude tests
a measurement device intended to predict a student's likelihood of success insome future setting, often an academic one.
assessment bias
if an assessment instrument offends or unfairly penalizes a student because of personal charactreistics O(such as race, gender, ethnicity, or socioeconomic status) the instrument is biased against that student.
construct-related evidence of validity
empiricl evidence that (1) supports the posited existence of a hypotheticl construce and (2) indicates and assessment
constructed responses
a student's answers to assessment tasks, such as essay,items, that require a response to be generated by the student "from scratch"
criterion-referenced measurement
An approach to assessment in which a student's test performance is interpreted according to how much of a defined assessment domain has been mastered by the student.
extended response form
an essay item that gives a student few constraints about how he or she is to respond, especially with respect to the length of their responses
formative evaluation
the appraisal of a still malleable instructional program, such as a teacher's lessonk, for purposes of improving that program
grade equivalent scores
an often misinterpreted estimated score based on the grade level and months of the school year represented by a student's test performance
halo effect
the error of allowing a test-scorer's overal impression of a student to influence any criterion-by-criterion evaluations of the student's response to a test.
high stakes test
an assessment whose conseuences have important implications either for students (such as grade-to-grade promotion) and/or for educators (such as when schools are qualitatively ranked on the basis of sstudents' test scores).
holistic scoring
the method of scoring a student's constructed responses that calls for the syhthesized application of multiple evaluative criteria (that is simultaneously using several distinguishable factors to arrive at an overall judgment about the uality of a student's response)
item response theory
this scale-score approach to reporting a student's test performance takes into consideration not only a student's raw score but also other factors such as item difficulty, the guessability of items, and so on.
Likert inventories
affective assessment devices organized around a respondent's self-reported degree of agrreement with a series of presented statements
median
the midpoint in a set of scores when the scores are ranked from the lowest to the highest
norm-referenced measurement
an approach to assessment in which a student's test performance is interpreted relatively (that is, according to how the student's performance compares with that of other test takers).
percentiles
an interpretive score based on the percent of students in the norm groped outperformed by a given stsudent
performance assessment
a form of testing in which a student is given a task, typically a demanding one, then asked to respond to the task orally, in writing, or by constructing a product
preassessment
a pretest given prior to instruction, typically to (1) determine a student's entry skills and knowledge or (2) employ as part of a pretest-posttest collection of evidence regarding instructional quality.
psychomotor assessment
measurement of a student's small-muscle or large-muscle skills
range
an infrequently usesd measure of a score distribution's variability that is clculated simply by subtracting the value of the lowest test score from the value of the highest test score.
regression effect
a well-known statistical phenomenon in which extremely high scorers or extremely low scorers will, when retested, tend to earn scores closer to he mean of the score distribution .
rubric
a scoring guide employed to evaluate the quality of student's responses to performance test, a student's portfolios or any kind of student-generated response.
selected responses
a student's answer to test items that present options from wnich the student must choose (multiple-choice or binary.
accommodations, adaptations, modifications
the techniques used when assessing a student with disabilities or a student with limited English proficiency (LEP) in order to sescure more valid inferences about such student's knowledge and skills.
mean
the arithmetic average in a set of scores
standardized
any test that is administered, scored and interpreted in a standard, predetermined manner.
summative evaluation
focus is on more "terminal" decisions about teachers--should we keep the person or not?
formative evaluation
focus chiefly on improving the teacher's instructional effectiveness.