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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Sovereignty
The exclusive right to exercise supreme political authority over a geographic region, group of people, or oneself.
The Enlightenment
18th Century movement led by the philosophes that held that change and reform were both desirable through the application of reason and science.
Congress of Vienna
Conference between major powers in Europe to redraw the continent's political map after the defeat of France.
Industrial Revolution
Major technological, socioeconomic, and cultural change in Britain.
Liberalism
Support for representative government dominated by the propertied classes and minimal government interference in the economy.
Conservatism
Belief that change is less important than respect for the law and traditions.
Nationalism
The belief that one is a part of a nation, defined as a community with it's own language, traditions, and customs. This belief becomes part of a person's loyalty and sense of identity.
Socialism
Any economic system in which the means of production are owned and controlled collectively.
Marxism
Theory of Karl Marx that history is the result of class conflict, which will end in the inevitable triumph of the industrial proletariat over the bourgeoisie and the abolition of private property and social class.
Imperialism
A policy extending control or authority over foreign entities as a means of acquisition and/or maintenance of empires.