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23 Cards in this Set

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the integration of human behaviors (includes thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions) of a particular racial, ethnic, religious or social group
Culture
Culture can greatly influence a person's perceptions of
health and illness
culture influences ___, _____ and ____ people get treatment
how
when
why
aspects of psychiatric care affected by culture
self perception
roles and relationships
family dynamics and interactions
attitudes toward medications
values
community supports
immigrants and minority groups become like the majority culture (the expectation for them to conform)
assimilation
the belief that one's own culture practices and values are inherently correct or superior to others
ethnocentricism
the process of learning another culture/society (moving from Texas to New Orleans)
acculturation
negative preconceived opinions about other people or groups based on hearsay, perception, or emotion
prejudice
believing that one member of a cultural group will display certain behaviors or hold certain attitudes (usually negative) simply because he or she is a member of that group
stereotyping
differential treatment based on race, class, sex or other variables rather than on individual merit
discrimination
the attribution of negative characteristics or identity to one person or group, causing feeling of rejection and alienation from society
stigmatization
prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination and stigmatization are behaviors that place identified minorities at risk for
anxiety, depression and suicide
means having the skills, both academic and interpersonal, to understand and appreciate cultural differences and similarities within, between and among groups to meet the social, cultural and linguistic needs of an individual
cultural competence
Healthcare providers should thrive to work within the cultural context of people from
diverse cultural or ethnic backgrounds
means that patients receive an overall message, conveyed both verbally and nonverbally, or personal and cultural validation
cultural congruence
providers need to integrates the patients _______, _________ and _________ about treatment into the therapeutic process
value system
life experiences
expectations
reasons minority groups do not seek MH treatment
Stress
inability to speak dominant language
differences in religious beliefs
environmental stress
culture-specific beliefs about seeking help
use of traditional healers and alternative med
differing values and attitudes
misinterpretation of behaviors
knowledge about how and why people of different cultures behave in certain ways
cross-cultural understand
some differences in communication are readily apparent, others not (like degrees of openness, self-disclosure, emotional expression)-use of non-verbal comm. and good listening skills
intercultural communication
conflict resolution
facilitation skills
ability to embrace change by modifying expectations, readjusting old operating norms an stereotypes and trying new behaviors
flexibility
phases of transcultural nursing knowledge
phase I: become aware of and sensitive to cultural care, differences/similarties (start with yourself)

phase II: use theories to discover and explain transcultural nursing phenomena with a vague knowledge

phase III: use transcultural research findings to improve care of people
building cultural awareness
attend to difference
show genuine interest
keep alert to whatever the patient shares
discover and remain aware of your own cultural biases and prejudices
be aware of subcultures
know strengths, variabilities, and assets of your own culture
clarify that the purpose is to focus on helping the patient
maintain a holistic view of the patient