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26 Cards in this Set

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Annexation
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
Census tract
An area delineateed by the U.S Bureau o fthe Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correpsond roughly to neighborhoods.
Concentric zone model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatialy arranged in a series of rings.
Consolidate Metropolitan Statistical Area
In the United States, two or more adjacent metropolitan statistical areas with overlapping commuting patterns.
Council of government
A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governmetns in a metropolitan area in the United States.
Density gradient
The change in density in an urban area from the centrer to the periphery.
Edge city
A large node of office and retail activites on the edge of an urban area.
Filtering
Aprocess of change in the use of a house, from single-family owner occupancy to abandonment.
Gentrification
A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area.
Greenbelt
A ring of land maintained as parks, agriculture, or other types of open space to limit the sprawl of an urban area.
Metropolitan statistical area
In the United States, a central city of at least 50,00 population, the county within which the city is located, and adjacent counties meeting one of several tests indicating a functional connection to the central city
Multiple nuclei model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Peripheral model
A model of North American ruban areas consisting of an innner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
Primary metropolitan statistical area
In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area exceeding 1 million population located with in a consolidated metropolitan statistical area.
Public housing
Housing owned by the government; in the United States, is is rented to low-incomeresident, and the rents are set at 30 percent of the families' income
Redlining
A process by which banks draw lines on a map and refuse to lend money to purchase or improve property within the boundaries.
Rush hour
The four consecutive 15-minute periods in the morning and eening with the heaviest volumes of traffic.
Sector model
A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district.
Smart growth
Legislation and rgulations to limit suburban sprawl and preserve farmland.
Sprawl
Development of new housing sites at relatively low density and at locations that are not contiguous to the existing built-up area.
Squatter settlements
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people ilegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
Underclass
A group in society prevetned from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
Urban renewal
Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private owners, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads, and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
Urbanization
An increase in the percetnage and inthe number of people living in urban settlements.
Urbanized area
In the United States, a cental city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
Zoning ordinance
A law that limits the permitted uses of land and maximum denstiy of development in a community.