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24 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Early Immigration
push
war, political upheaval and economic distress
Early Immigration
pull
proximity
Early Immigration
1868-1959
1st wave
cuba's elite
1st wave push
us decision to pull economic ties and the fear of castro's baground revolution
1st wave
pull
proximity to country and considered political refugees = opportunity
2nd wave
cuba's upper and middle class,1/2 doctors and teachers
2nd push
castro authoritarian governance/communist and loss of jobs
2nd pull
considered refugees and thought it would be a temp stay
1st two waves were okay
welcomed as fight against communism and $1 mil in fed funding
3rd wave 1965 to late 70s
cuban working class and small business owners
3rd push
economic problems and lower standards of living
3rd pull
3/4 family in us and more opportunity
4th wave aka THE MARIAL IMMIGRANTS
cubans lower class and blue collar workers
4th push
some "undesirables" and economics
4th pull
economic opportunities and family
THE MARIEL IMMIGRANTS
april 1980-oct 1980
-came in midst of eco recess, employment opps restricted, confronted hostility, neg perception as "undesirables", haitians arrived at same time "black"
Federal Emergency Management Agency
FEMA removed processing of Cuban entrants from Miami and reorganized groups in north
The Mariel Immigrants
lower ed, less know of english, unemployment rates higher, incomes lower, not incorporated into the american labor market
3 years after arrival
15% reported starting own business and there were larnger amounts of cubans in the top three occupational categories
How could they move up?
ethnic economies or ENCLAVES
Inter-group conflict Cuban Americans vs. Anglo Americans
Litinos majority in Miami, public assistance increased, increase in gov. expenses, school overcrowding
Inter-group conflict Cuban Americans vs. African Americans
Miami's black residents felt hostile (too much gov. assistance), competition, controls own business, black pop faced high unemployment
Discrimination
Florida-business in English