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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Segmentary Social System

1
-permits people in a stateless society to form into large groups for certain activities.
Chiefdom

2
-type of segmentary social system in which not all household groups, kin groups, villages, and tribes are considered equal
Family of Orientation

3
-includes your father, mother, self, and siblings
Family of Procreation

4
-includes the husband, wife, and their children.
Americans trace kinship

5
-bilaterally through both parents
Nuclear Family

6
-the group consisting of father, mother, and their biological and adopted children.
Matrilineal Kinship

7
-emphasizes a person's ancestral ties to their mother
Patrilineal Kinship

8
-emphasizes a person's ancestral ties to their father
Brideservice

9
-when a couple marries, the groom is expected to come and live in the bride's parents' camp and work for her parents as long as 10 years.

-Ju/Wasi
Matrilineage

10
-group of men related to each other through the female line, along with their wives and unmarried children
Patrilineage

11
-men trace their ancestral line through their father's ancestral line
Incest Taboo

12
-it is socially unacceptable to marry brothers, sisters, children, parents, or, in some cases, cousins.
Clans
-groups whose members consider themselves descended from a common ancestor
Exogamy
-marrying out of one's own clan and into another
Bridewealth
-when valuables such as ax blades, shells, and money are given to the wife's kin and her father.
Dowry
-goods such as leather chests, tables, stools, cosmetics, housewares, clothing and cloth that are given to house of the groom.

-the gifts never include land or a house.
Polygamy
-when men have more than one wife.
Polyandry
-when women have more than one husband
Partible Inheritance
-where a man divides up his inheritance among his offspring
Impartible Inheritance
-where a man leaves all his property to one or another descendent.
Social Identities
-learning what it is to be American, Male or female, husband or wife, etc
Individuality
-individuals are stable, autonomous entities who exist more or less independently of whatever situations or statuses they occupy.
Holistic
-means the person cannot be conceived as existing seperately from society or apart from his or her status or role.
Egocentric
-means each person is defined as a replica of all humanity and is capable of acting independently from others.
Sociocentric
-means the view of the self is context dependent.

-the self exists as an entity only within the concrete situations or roles occupied by the person--not to some autonomous, seperate self.
Positive Identity
-members of such a group attempt to build a positive identity, to attribute to themselves characteristics they believe are desirable.
Negative Identity
-members of the group with the positive identity try to construct a negative identity for others by attributing undesirable characteristics to them.
Rites of passage
-the rituals that mark a person's passage from one identity to another.
Principle of Reciprocity
-the giving and recieving of gift.

-giving gifts is obligatory in many cultures. The giving of a gift creates a tie with the person who receives it, and that person is obliged to recripocate on some future occcasion.
Commoditites
-involves a transfer of value and a countertransfer, A sells something to B, and the transaction is completed.
Gifts

31
-are inalienable-they are bound to people after the presentation. Gifts are much more personal than commodities
Identity Struggles
-interactions in which there is a discrepancy between the identity a person claims to be, and the identity attributed to him or her by others.
Possessions
-goods which are associated with the possessor or distributor of the goods.

-they are personal items with a history and a meaning
Commodities
-goods that are detached from the distributor or possessor and carry no special meaning in and of themselves

-commodities do not bind people together.
Gifts
-bind people together