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17 Cards in this Set

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The study of humankind, in all times and places. Is concerned with a single species - homo sapiens-the human species, its ancestors, and near relatives.
Anthropology
The systematic study of humans as biological organisms.
Physical Anthropology
The branch of anthropology that focuses on human behavior.
Cultural anthropology
Field of applied physical anthropology that specializes in the idnetification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes.
Forensic anthropology
Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's own culture.
culture-bound
Study of material remains, usually from the past, to describe and explain human behavior.
Archaeology
The branch of cultural anthropology that studies human language.
Linguistic anthropology
An anthropologist who studies cultures from a comparative or historical point of view, utilizing ehtnographic accounts.
ethnologist
The systematic description of a particular culture based on firsthand observation.
Ethnography
In ehtnography, the technique of learning a people's culture through direct participation in their everyday life over an extended period of time.
Participant observation
A fundamental principle of anthroplogy, that the various parts of culture must be viewed in the broadest possible context in order to understand their interconnections and interdependence.
holistic perspective
Members of a society in which the ehtnographer works who help interpret what she or he sees taking place.
Informants
The use of anthropological knowledge and methods to solve "practical" problems, often for a specific client.
applied anthroplogy
An observation verivied by several observers skilled in the necessary techniques of obseration.
fact
Atentative explanation of the relatin between certain phenomena.
hypothesis
In science, an explanation of natural phenomena, supported by a reliable body of data.
theory
The study of cultures of the recent past through oral histories, accounts left by explorers, missionaries, and traders, and through analysis of such records as land titles, birth and death records, and other archival materials.
ethnohistory