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11 Cards in this Set

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Dynamic Analysis
Analysis performed by executing the program code. Dynamic analysis executes or simulates a development phase product, and it detects errors by analyzing the response of a product to sets of input data.
Dynamic Assertion
A dynamic analysis technique that inserts into the program code assertions about the relationship between program variables. The truth of the assertions is determined as the program executes.
Empowerment
Giving people the knowledge, skills, and authority to act within their area of expertise to do the work and improve the process.
Entrance Criteria
Required conditions and standards for work product quality that must be present or met for entry into the next stage of the software development process.
Equivalence Partitioning
The input domain of a system is partitioned into classes of representative values so that the number of test cases can be limited to one-per-class, which represents the minimum number of test cases that must be executed.
Error or Defect
A discrepancy between a computed, observed, or measured value or condition and the true, specified, or theoretically correct value or condition.

Human action that results in software containing a fault (e.g., omission or misinterpretation of user requirements in a software specification, incorrect translation, or omission of a requirement in the design specification).
Error Guessing
Test data selection technique for picking values that seem likely to cause defects. This technique is based upon the theory that test cases and test data can be developed based on the intuition and experience of the tester.
Exhaustive Testing
Executing the program through all possible combinations of values for program variables.
Exit Criteria
Standards for work product quality, which block the promotion of incomplete or defective work products to subsequent stages of the software development process.
File Comparison
Useful in identifying regression errors. A snapshot of the correct expected results must be saved so it can be used for later comparison.
Flowchart
Pictorial representations of data flow and computer logic. It is frequently easier to understand and assess the structure and logic of an application system by developing a flow chart than to attempt to understand narrative descriptions or verbal explanations. The flowcharts for systems are normally developed manually, while flowcharts of programs can be produced.