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61 Cards in this Set

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Therapie based on Classical Conditioning
SASA IF
-Systematic desensitization (Wolpe)
-Aversive conditioning
-Sensate Focus
-Assertiveness training

-Implosive tx. (includes Freudian interpretation of imagery (S)
-Flooding
PTSD criteria
TRAUMA
-Truama
-Reexperiencing
-Avoidance
-Unable to function
-Month (sx. last at least a month and are at least a month after the trauma)
-Arousal (hyperarousal)
GAD Criteria
AND IC REST
-Anxiety
-No control
-Duration of at least 6 months

-Irritability
-Concentration impaired

-Restlessness
-Exhaustion
-Sleep difficulties
-Tension in muscles
Amphetamine withdrawl
RAD FAD
-psychomotor Retardation or Activation
-Dysphoria

-Fatigue
-Appetite increased
-Dreams - bad dreams
ETOH withdrawl as well as
Sedatives, hypnotics and anxiolytics
SHAM P(a)IN

SHAM PIN
-Seizures
-Hallucinations
-Anxiety
-Muscle cramping and spasms

-Panic
-Insomnia
-Nightmares
Opiate withdrawl
flu-like sx
Strategic Family Therapists
Their strategy sucks (prescribing the symptom) -older woman in class hated it!
CBT therapies
BMMER (beamer - fancy car! Did Dianne or Jim Gray drive one?
Beck - depressive cognitive triad (neative view of Self, World, Future)

Michenbaum -2 SIT's
-Self Instructional Training (esp. c/ ADHD)
modeling
self-statements
graduated practice
AND
-Stress Innoculation Training
Educate, Teach Coping Skills, have Ct. practice imaginally then in vivo

Marlatt - relapse prevention (Think about Andy talking about it in K&S)

Rehm - reinforcement
self-control model of depression
depressed people do not get sufficient reinforcement for non-depressing behaviors. Therefore, the tx. might start by having the depressed ct. go into social situation and have him/her praise him/herself and having the therapist praise them
Ellis - Rational Emotive Therapy (ABC) - psychopathology is based on irrational thoughts/beliefs
Parkinson's Disease
BRASSS
Bradykinesia
Rigidity
Akinesia
Shuffling Gait
Small Handwriting
Shaking
Tartive Dyskinesia
Like LDS (Looks like HD)
DRO
Differential Reinforcement of Other (behavior)

Think Lily's whining - ignore it and reinforce more appropriate communications
Skew
The tale is in the tail

Negative skew has alphabetical mean, median, mode
Kohlberg's Gender Identity Development Model
ISC
Lily is right between I and S ("is" right between "is")
2-3 Identity
3-6 Stability
6-7 Constancy

Lily is right between Identity and Stability
Big Five Stable Personality Traits
CANOE
Conscientiousness
Agreeableness
Neuroticism
Optimism
Extraversion/Introversion
Kohler
K In Chimps
Kohler Insight Chimps
Chimps are our Kin
Tolman
Tolllllllman
LLLLLatent LLLLLllearning
Bandura
BM
A RPM
BM = Bandura Modeling

ARPM=
Attention
Retention
Production
Motivation

Kids watch model act agressively w/ bobo doll and are more likely to do so themselves

If model punished, boys and girls will still hit the doll if asked to do so.

Interestingly, boys will hit the doll even if the model is punished!
Ericksonian and Freudian stage associated w/ ages 1-3
A AS (Ass!)
Anal = Autonomy v. Shame
Seyle's General Adaptation Syndrome
ARE
Alarm, Resistance, Exhaustion

Think of fire alarm ringing at PI and of treatment progression at PI

Fist people feel alarmed, then there is resistance, and as they work on issues, they feel exhausted
What are the 3 kinds of problems that can occur when using selection tests for hiring or promotion
AI D U (Say adu (adieu) to your money when you are sued)

1. Adverse Impact
2. Differential validity
3. Unfairness
1. adverse impact = .8

2. differential validity = different slopes

3. unfairness = ssssame ssslope, different y-intercept (two parallel hot dogs)
Adverse Impact
What is it?
Under what 2 circumstances can it be justified by an employer who is sued for it?
definition: 4/5 rule
if minorty hiring rate is less than 80% of the majority hiring rate (i.e. < .8 times the majority hiring rate), adverse impact is said to have occured.

It can be justified if the test is a
BUSINESS NECESSITY (i.e. the measure is both job related and necessary for safe and efficient operation of the business - e.g. astornauts must be physically fit)
or
BFOQ - bone fide occupational qualification
1. genuiness (e.g. only men interviewed for male role in play)
2. necessary to maintain social or moral standards (e.g. only women monitor female dressing rooms)
.8

BFOQ (astronaut fitness)

genuiness (only men interviewd for male role in play)

maintain social and moral standards (only women for monitoring of female dressing rooms or women's bathroom attendant)
Unfairness - what is it?
how do you check for it?
Unfairness
definition- 2 parallel hot dogs, 2 sticks (consistently lower scores on predictor and criterion for one group as compared to another)
Slope the same, Y intercept lower

To check for it-
compare scores on the predictor (one group has lower scores on predictor even though they do equally well on criterion (picture the 2 hot dogs one LONG stick, orange then blue lines sequentially on the line (same slope)
Unfairness = same slope
(unfairn)essssss=ssssame ssslope
Differential Validity
What is it?
Is it common?
Obtain two different criterion related validity scores (rxy) for different groups

different slopes!

It is actually pretty uncommon. (Early findings of it were due to small N)
Different(ial) = different (slopes)
What are the 3 kinds of things that can get an employer in trouble when using a predictor for hiring and promotion decisions?
Ai D U

Say Adieu to your money when you are sued for one of these three things!
Adverse impact
Differential Validity
Unfairness
James-Lange Theory of Emotion
Estelle James
Estelle James has pretty good muscle tone for someone her age and has worked hard on it over the years

Dave's mom is not very emotional and likes concrete physical evidence, might say that physical responses "cause" or prompt emotion

You're heart races, therefore you are nervous about the licensing exam
Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
The Bard
The Bard = Shakespeare
Cross's Racial Identity Development Model
picture a cross w/
"Internalization Commitment" next to it

PeE IeI
5! Stages (used to be 4)

Pee, ie. I IC!

Pre-encounter
Encounter
Immersion/Emersion
Integration
1. Black Nationalist (work to eradicate racism)
2. Bicultural
3. Multicultural
1. racist
2. inclusive
Internalization-Commitment
Sue and Atkinson's Identity Development Model
CD-R iIIA
Conformity
Dissonance
Rejection/ Immersion
Introspection
Integrated Awareness
Troiden's model of Homosexual Identity Development
Sex Can Always Improve

Sensitization
Confusion
Assumption
Integration
Trojan - condom
Sex Can Always Improve!
Which of the following is not true about Milgram's obedience studies:


when asked to predict the study's outcomes, only 1% of psychologists said that "teachers" would be willing to deliver maximum levels of electric shock to "learners"
the presence of an authority figure increased the willingness of a "teacher" to deliver electric shock to the "learner"
Milgram's follow-up of "teachers" found that less than 15% said they were "glad to have participated in the study"
the "teacher's" physical proximity to the "learner" affected his willingness to deliver high levels of electric shock
NOT TRUE:

only 15% of "Teachers" were glad they participated
almost 85% were glad they participated!
Theories of career choice and development can be categorized in terms of four basic types. The theories of Tiedeman and O'Hara (1963) and Tiedeman and Miller-Tiedeman (1984) are examples of the __________ approach:


developmental
trait-oriented
reinforcement-based
personality
developmental
Kohlberg's cognitive-developmental theory distinguishes between three stages in gender identity development. The first stage is ________, which involves recognizing one's own gender and is ordinarily first apparent between 2 and 3 years of age:


gender constancy
gender conservation
gender identity
gender stability
ISC

Identity
Stability
Constancy
Zimbardo's prison study confirmed that:


uncharacteristic behaviors can be situationally elicited
behavior is often mediated by affective responses
people judge their own behavior much like they judge the behavior of others
the need to conform can precipitate uncharacteristic behaviors
behavior can be situationally elicited
An examinee obtains a T-score of 60 on a test that has a raw score of 45 and a standard deviation of 5. The raw score distribution is normally-shaped. The examinee's percentile rank is:


50
84
95
99
84%
At __________ months of age, infants begin to search for a hidden object but reach for the object in the last place they found it even when they have seen the object moved to another location:


4 to 8
8 to 12
12 to 18
18 to 24
8-12 mo. infants begin to search for a hidden object, but reach for the object in the last place they saw it.
Studies comparing the psychological functioning of children of depressed and nondepressed parents have found that children of depressed parents:


are at no greater risk for pathology than children of nondepressed parents
are at greater risk for Major Depressive Disorder but not for other problems
are at greater risk for Major Depressive Disorder or other Affective Disorder but not for other problems
are at greater risk for an Affective Disorder as well as for a wide range of other problems
are at a greater risk for a wide variety of d/o's
You receive a voicemail from a well-respected licensed psychologist in your community who is currently seeing one of your former clients. She says that she has obtained the client's consent and wants you to forward the client's record to her. You should:


forward a photocopy (not the original) of the record to her
forward only information that you feel is relevant and not obsolete
contact the client to obtain a release directly from him
wait until you hear directly from the client before taking any action
contact the client to get a release of information
Studies investigating the impact of sexually-explicit movies have found all of the following to be true except:


men who view X-rated films tend to rate their own sexual partner as more attractive
men who view X-rated films that depict a man sexually overpowering a woman report being a little more likely to rape if they were assured they would get away with it
after viewing X-rated films, men tend to recommend more lenient prison sentences for a convicted rapist
after viewing X-rated films, men are more likely to view a woman's friendliness as sexual in nature
They DO NOT rate their partner are more attractive
They are a little more likely to rape

They reccommend more lenient sentences for rapists

Are more likely to view a woman's friendliness as sexual
A 68-year-old man exhibits forgetfulness, disorientation, confusion, and difficulties in concentrating. Cognitive tests reveal short- and long-term memory deficits although the pattern of memory loss is inconsistent. A CT scan reveals no abnormalities. The best diagnosis is:


pseudodementia
pseudodepression
Alzheimer''s disease
Vascular Dementia
pseudodementia
Symptoms of pseudodementia are similar to those of Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. However, in pseudodementia, memory loss tends to be isolated, fluctuating, and contradictory and there would be no evidence of brain abnormality in a CT scan
The Kuder-Richardson Formula 20:


is appropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests
is inappropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests because it produces a spuriously high reliability coefficient
is inappropriate for assessing the reliability of speeded tests because it produces a spuriously low reliability coefficient
is not used to assess the reliability of any type of test
should not be used for speeded tests b/c it leads to misleadingly high results
The Kuder-Richardson Formula 20 (KR-20_ is a method for assessing internal consistency reliability, and like other measures of internal consistency, produces a spuriously high reliability coefficient for speeded tests.
Inspection of the data collected from the WAIS-III standardization sample revealed that, with regard to the impact of increasing age on intelligence:


Verbal IQ and Performance IQ decline at about equal rates beginning in the mid-40's
of the four WAIS-III factors, Perceptual Organization is most stable over the lifespan
the Letter-Number Sequencing subtest shows a profile of scores over the lifespan that is very similar to the profile for Performance IQ
older adults show a greater improvement on retesting with the WAIS-III than do younger adults
the letter-number sequencing task shows profile over time very similar to that for tests of processing speed (performance decreases with age)
A 33-year-old man tells his therapist that, since his involvement in a serious car accident two months ago, he has been feeling sad every day; has had no appetite; feels tired all of the time and sleeps for 10 to 12 hours each night; isn’t interested in spending time with his friends and family; and feels guilty about the accident, even though it wasn’t his fault. He also says that, because he’s having trouble concentrating at work and getting to work on time, he’s afraid he’s going to be fired. Based on these symptoms, the appropriate diagnosis for this man is:


Dysthymic Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
Adjustment Disorder with Depressed Mood
Adjustment Disorder with Mixed Anxiety and Depressed Mood
MDD
to meet criteria for MDD, sx. must last ONLY 2 weeks or more
Due to recent changes in technology, a company vice president realizes that many employees will need to be retrained. The first step in identifying training needs will most likely be:


performing a job evaluation
conducting a needs assessment
identifying training objectives
performing a personnel audit
needs assessment
Which of the following questions best addresses the issue of interactional justice in an organization?


Did employees consider the outcomes of an organizational decision reasonable and just?
Was the organizational procedure used to make the decision fair?
Did employees feel they were treated fairly when informed about the decision?
Were the employer’s reasons for making the decision reasonable and valid?
Did the employees feel they were treated fairly when informed about the decision?
The perception of interactional justice is based on how employess are treated by supervisors

Distributive Justice - reasonableness or fairness of outcomes of a decision

procedural justice - process used to make a decision
A psychologist believes that the benefits of a cognitive-behavioral intervention for eating disorders is due to the intervention's impact on the individual's self-efficacy beliefs. In other words, the psychologist believes that, in this situation, self-efficacy beliefs are a:


moderator variable
mediator variable
confounding variable
suppressor variable
mediator variable
mediator variable accounts for the relationship between the IV and the DV

moderator variable affects the strength of a relationship between a predictor and criterion (e.g. gender is a moderator variable if sales performance is predicted well by a test for men but poorly for women
Self-appraisal and self-management of cognition are examples of :

executive function
procedural memory
semantic memory
meta-cognition
meta-cognition
Patients with Korsakoff's syndrome typically underestimate their memory deficits. This suggests that one of the features of this disorder is impairment in:


implicit memory
prospective memory
metamemory
paramemory
meta-memory
An inability to remember one's own name and to recollect certain other autobiographical information is most characteristic of:


psychogenic amnesia
neurological amnesia
Conversion Disorder
Factitious Disorder
psychogenic amnesia (people are most likely to have trouble remembering personal info if they have a dissociative disorder)
if a distribution is thin and tall is it:

pleukurtic
leptokurtic
eukaryotic
plutonian
leptokurtic

tall and thin looks like someone leaped into the air in the middle of it
What are the 3 types of Validity? What are the subtypes for each?
Construct Validity = DCFM
(Discriminant, Convergent, Factorial Analysis, Multitrait-multimethod analysis)

Criterion = PC
Predictive (Use SEest)
Convergent

Content = DEC
Discriminates between novices and experts
Experts agree . . .
Correlation w/ existing measures
Think about progression of time at AU:

Driving down Wisconsin saw towers/antenae

What were the criteria for acceptance into the social group?

What did you see on Tracy's DEC?

Construct Validity
FMDC
FM towers in DC on the way to AU
Content Validity
DEC
What did you see on Tracy Sbracco's DEC during the end of your time at AU
Criterion Validty
PC
What were the criteria for social acceptance in the class?
Which minority group did Sue et al find improves most with clinical psychotherapy?
LCAB
Latinos
Clinically
Achieve
Best

Latinos
Caucasians
Asians
Blacks
Helms' White Racial Identity Development Model
C D R Pi IE A

Contact
Disintegration
Reintegration

Pseudo-independence
Immersion/Emersion
Autonomy
French and 's 5 sources of interpersonal power
If you Refer to an Expert, you will get Legitimate info. If you Coerce someone, you will not be Rewarded.

Referent
Expert
Legitimate
Coercive
Reward
structural family therapy focuses on
joining, mimesis (adopting family's ways) Kris MacGaffen taught this method at the Washington School (Brooke's supervisor, interviewed me)
What is Adler's Therapy about/ Centered around?
Adler belongs in a display of Power, Anger and Revenge

or

B:AR DiP
Belonging:
There are four misguided ways they may try to achieve this:

Attention
Revenge
Display inadequacy
Power
What is Adler's Therapy about/ Centered around?
Adler belongs in a display of Power, Anger and Revenge

or

B:AR DiP
Belonging:
There are four misguided ways they may try to achieve this:

Attention
Revenge
Display inadequacy
Power
Expectancy Theory of Worker Motivation:
Valence- is reward desirable?

Expectancy-S expects his effort will lead to successful completion of the task

Instrumentality - successful outcome will be instrumental in obtaining reward
Broca's Area: Frontal Lobe
AS
Wernicke's Area : ___ Lobe
____________________________

Broca's Area: Expressive Aphasia
AS
WErnicke's Area : _________ Aphasia


B and F come before W and T
B and E come before W and R
Broca's Area : Frontal Lobe
AS
Wernicke's Area : Temporal Lobe
___________

Broca's Area : Espressive Aphasia
AS
Wernicke's Area : Receptive Aphasia