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31 Cards in this Set

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apraxia
impairment of motor planning for the movements for so that voluntary control for speech is disrupted
hearing
perception of sound
speech
sound production via changes in the vocal mechanism and oral structures to form words and sentences in audtitory-oral communication
dysarthria
impairment of motor control for speech caused by weakness, paralysis, slowness, incoordination, or sensory loss in the muscle groups responsible for speech
cranial nerves
36
congenital
present at birth
synapse
see brain in brief
aphonia
attempts to produce a voice result in a whisper-like sound. Usually w voice disorders that prevent the vocal cords from vibrating to produce sound
metalinguistics
see powerpoint?
morphology
how meaning is represented by the use of words, affixes, various grammar tenses, and plurality
dysphagia
impairment of the ability to swallow
inspiration
diaphragm contracts, the lungs expand, the air pressure becomes negative. air rushes in
expiration
diaphragm relaxes, lungs relax, air pressure becomes positive and air goes out
Fundamental frequency
average frequency of sound- pitch
CNS
Central nervous System- see slide
IPA
International phonetic alphabet
neurological
or or relating to neurology- medical science that deals with the nervous system and disorders affecting it.
coarticulation
simultaneous production of 2 or more consonants or vowels in normal speech production of a word, such as the word tram- 1st three phonemes may overlap in production
Phonology
study of the sounds of speech
Morpheme
words or the smallest unit of a word that has meaning. i.e.- cat is one morpheme; cats has the extra morpheme "s"
Semantics
study of history/meaning of words
P.L. 94-142
first special ed. law
afferent
to; see brain
efferent
from; see brain
dialectal
unusual speech due to dialect, rather than a disorder
phoneme
smallest sound unit in speech, represented by a symbol in the IPA
disorders
see recent notes
delay
see recent notes; slower rate
fluency
rhythem and flow of spoken (or signed) language
syntax
word order
autism
developmental disorder that profoundly affects the childs interaction with others and the world