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6 Cards in this Set

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arithmetic logic unit (ALU)
the central part of a microprocessor that manipulates the data received by the processor
ASCII
acronym for American Standard Code for Information Interchange, ASCII consists of 256 numbers assigned to the alphabet, numbers, punctuation, and other characters
binary
consists of only two integers - 0 and 1. binary math is the basis for manipulating all data in computers
boolean operations
logical operations, based on whether a statement is true or false, that are the equivalent of mathematical operations with numbers
cache
a block of high-speed memory where data is copied when it is retrieved from RAM. Then, if data is needed again, it can be retrieved from the cache rather than from RAM. Level 1 Cache is located on the motherboard separate from the processor. Level 2 is a part of the processor, making it even faster to retrieve
capacitor
a component that stores an electrical charge