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25 Cards in this Set

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The outermost and thinnest layer of earth
Crust
new yorka thin "crust" pizza
Thin=crust
the layer of rock between the Earths crust and its core
Mantle
MMMMMMMMMMantle-MMMMMMMMiddle
The center of planetary body such as Earth
Core
the core is the main "guy" the boss..the Center of attention
the thin outer shell of earth consisting of the crust and rigid upper mantle
lithosphere
The theory that Earths surface is made up of large moving plates
Plate tectonics
the question has plates and answer has plate
The zone of the mantle beneath the lithosphere that consists of slowly flowing solid rock
asthenosphere
ASSthenosphere-slowly flowing solid Poo out of your butt
Molten rock within the Earth
Magma
MMMM=MMMMagma
the process in which a tectonic plate dives beaneath another tectonic plate and into the asthenosphere
subduction
subtraction=going down(beneath)
A crack in the Earth, created when rocks on either side of a break move
Fault
a fault=something bad

a crack in the earth is definatly bad
The area along a fault at which slippage first occurs, initiating an Earthquake.
Focus
FFFFFFFFocus-FFFFFFFFFirst

F
The point on Earths surface directly above the focus of an Earthquake.
epicenter
Primary waves; the longitudinal waves generated by an earthquake.
P waves
PPPPPPPPPrimary waves=PPPPPPPPP waves

P
secondary waves; the tranverse waves generated by an earthquake
S waves
SSSSecondy waves=SSSS waves

s

qrS..T.transverse uvwxyz
A seismic wave that travels along earth surface
Seismology
half the word is in the question
Scale that expresses that relative magnitude of an earthquake
Richter Scale
its the only kind of scale in this vocab
An opening through whcih molten rock flows onto Earths surface
Vent
vent is an OPENING
A natural inorganic solid with a definite chemical composition and a characteristic internal structure
Mineral
when they say structure think of a Rock and when you think of rock think of MINERAL
rock formed from cooled and hardened magma or lava
igneous rock
Change in the physical form or chemical composition of rock materials exposed at Earths surface
Weathering
The weather always CHANGES the key word is change (in the rocks)
Rock formed from compressed or cemented deposits of sediment
Sedimentary
It has the word Sediment in it
The traces or remains of a plant or an animal found in sedmentary rock
fossils
common sence
Rock formed from other rocks as a result of heat, pressure, or chemical processes.
Metamorphic Rock
formed sounds like metamorphic
Precipitation that has an unusually high concentration of sullfuric or nitric acids resulting from chemical pollution of the air
Acid Rian
when you see the word Precipitation think ACID RAIN
The process by which rock and or the products of weathering are removed
Erosion
removed, taken away= erosion
Process in which sediment is laid down
deposition