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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What did Britain do with its mandate on Palestine?
Shortly after the UNSCOP released its report urging partion of Palestine into Arab and Jewish states with an internationalized Jerusalem, Great Britain unilaterally gave up its partition of Palestine and turned the questionof Palestine's future over to the United Nations. Britian's decision to terminate its mandate was largely due to its difficulties controling its colonial empire in the face of economic problems.
What was the result of 1947 General Assembly vote on "partition" of Palestine?
33 for partition, 13 opposed
According to Smith, how was the pro partion vote achieved?
According to author Smith, the pro partition vote was achieved through over five years of Zionist lobbying and networking within the United States. Through this lobbying and networking, the Zionist were able to gain the support of influential men and women in the media, in business, and in government and, when the partation vote became a question, they relied on their connections to pressure countries, such as Liberia, into voting for partition.
How did the major powers vote in the UN's vote about partion?
UK: abstained
China: abstaind
US: Pro partion
France: Pro partition
USSR: Pro partition
When was Israeli statehood declared?
May 14, 1948
Who was the first Prime Minister of Israel?
David Ben-Gurion
Where was the first Prime Minister of Israel from?
What was David B-G's role preceding the declaration of statehood?
Zionist leader in Palestine who endorsed more activistic and agressive tactics than Weizmann.
Why was Menachim Begin's reign as prime minister of Israel controversial?
Begin led Irgun, an underground, armed Zionist group, which committed terrorist attacks against both the British and the Arabs before declaration of Israeli statehood. The Stern gang, on of Irgun's offshoots, continued its attacks.
Give Two Reasons for the Success of the Zionists in Establishing a State
1. Support of the international community as emblemized in the 1947 UN vote which endorsed partion of Palestine.
2. Military and organizational superiority over the Arab forces.
Give Two reasons for the failure of those opposed in Blocing Partition
1. Lack of Military Coordination
2. Lack of Preparation and Military Training
What were two concerns of the British regarding the fate of Palestine?
1. Keep the United States happy because of Great Britain's heavy economic dependency on the US at that time.
2. Preserve some portion of its rapidly shrinking colonial Empire
What were two concerns of US President Harry Truman concerning the fate of Palestine?
1. Avoid instability in the Middle East so as to prevent the USSR from gaining a foothold in the region.
2. Appeal to his voters during election time.
3. Keep his advisors happy/
4. Appease his own conscience (he supported the creation of a Zionist state)
A human community that claims the monopoly over the legitimate use of force within a given territory (STATE ~ GOVERNMENT)
A human group concious of forming a community, sharing a common culture, attached to a clearly demarkated territory, having a common past, having a common goal for the future, and claiming the right to govern itself
A modern political institution, characterized by the formation of a state which has the monopoly over what it claims to be the legitimate use of force in a given territory and which seeks to unite the people subject to its rule by means of linguistic and cultural homogenization
Based on the sentiment of beloning to a particular nation endowed with symbols, rituals, sacred places, ceremonies, and other things of this nature
The intentional killing of all or part of an ethnic, religious, or national group where the murder of people is the objective
The intent of ethnic cleansing is remove a people and often all traces of them from a specifc territory. Such a forced removal often evolves into ethnic cleansing when the nation is difficult to move, unwilling to move, or has no place to go
The feeling of beloning to a specific nation