Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
process of becoming member of culture, taking on values, beliefs, behaviors
process by which children learn/adopt manners of a culture
process of adapting to a different culture; immigration
groups that you share something with
groups that you're different from
social standing, rank within a group; based on senority, education
based on culture, general rules of society
Social Facilitation Theory
presence of others increases arousal and enhances the emission of individual's dominant response
-we increase social anxiety around others, which brings out our most likely response (dominant response)
-perform better front of others for a familiar well known tast vs. hard unfamiliar
Social Loafing Theory
situation when in groups, each person does less than if alone
-bigger the group, the more likely you are to loaf
Social Striving
group enhances individual performance of members
-reverse of social loafing in Asian countries!
-collectivist norms stimulate interdepent interaction
-please the group leader
-restrict your thinking to agree with the group
-occurs in other cultures
some cultures assign more strict roles, other cultures don't assign any roles
-positive or negative
-collectivist cultures tend to have more sanctions because everyone needs to fit in more
group polarization
group often moves to an extreme; risky or conservative shifts more likely in risky or conservative cultures
abnormal behavior
-maladaptive (impairment of functioning)
central symptoms
symptoms present in practically all cultures (etic)
peripheral symptoms
symptoms culture specific (emic)
social perception
the process of understanding other people and ourselves
social cognition
how ppl think about themselves and their social world
-ex. do ppl think it is a fair place?
an evaluation or orientation toward any given object, idea, or person
- 3 components
3 components of attitude (A,B,C's)
Affect (emotional)
Cognitive (thinking/stereotypes)
attitudes that reflect principle, standard, or quality considered to be most desirable; more central to positions than attitudes
Cognitive Balance Theory
-people like balanced relationships
-want to be consistent
-always like something, or always not like it
Cognitive Dissonance
-two cognitions that do not fit together
-tension makes us feel uncomfortable, we want consistency
-ex. a passive nice person spanks their child
-we changer our behavior or thinking to reduce inconsistency
-social cognitive process of determining movives
-situational forces, external environment
-ex. your friend stands you up for lunch: try to explain-she forgot or something came up
internal locus of control
reinforcement depends on your own behavior, less conforming, expect that consequences follow actions
external locus of control
believe more in luck, external forces beyond one's control, believe they have less control, give up more easily
Fundamental Attribution Error
overestimate disposition (their personality), underestimate situation in others (external situation)
Self-Serving Bias
attribute personal success to disposition (self/personality), failure to situation (blame someone else)
unassuming bias or group-serving bia
-in Japan
-success is a result of external factors/luck, while failure is related to weakness or personal faults
culture shock
-distressful psychological reaction to new cultural environment
-nostalgia for friends
-loss of control
-anxiety, depressive thinking
-feelings of isolation
-dissatisfied over language barriers
-loss of previous habits
6 types of adapters identified by Anderson
1. returnees
2. escapers
3. time servers
4. beavers
5. adjusters
6. participators
adapter --Returnees
leave new culture quickly, easily frustrated and give up
dont really interact with people, do activities that are familiar to them
adapter--time servers
dont give up, "do the job," adapt well enough to get by but want to go back home
adapter --Beavers
work all day so dont have to interact much
adapter --Adjusters
make steps to attempt social interaction
adapter --Participators
overcome obstacles, full effective interactors, adapt very well
generalized perception of group of people; rigid; positive/negative
stereotype of your own group
stereotype of other groups