Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/29

Click to flip

29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
claim
statement that is either true or false
belief
idea in which one has invested his confidence
political freedom
external
external interventions
drugs, torture
internal interventions
advertising
personal freedom
internal
obstacle: relativism/subjectivism
solution: patience & tenacity
obstacle: egocentrism
solution: humility
obstacle: ethnocentrism
solution: tolerance
obstacle: conformism
solution: courage
obstacle: unexamined assumptions
solution: self-awareness
presuppositions
information must be known about claims ahead of time
critical thinking
using reason to make decisions
reason
capacity to use disciplined intelligence to solve problems
relativism
truth according to group or culture
subjectivism
truth according to individual
functions of language
informative, expressive, directive, persuasive
communication
interaction aimed at common understanding
communication achieved through
cooperation & coordination
obstacles to critical thinking
relativism/subjectivism, egocentrism, ethnocentrism, conformism, intimidation by authority, unexamined assumptions
truth
a relationship between a belief or a statement on the one hand and reality or the world on the other
evaluative
refer to matters that concern the merits of things
interpretive
refer to matters that concern the meanings of things
assumption
unsupported claim
hidden assumption
unstated or implied assumption
inferential assumption
hidden assumption that functions as added support, linking a stated premise with a conculsion
issue
topic about which reasonable people may disagree
factual issue
issue to be resolved by either methods of empirical science or documentary research
issue statement
composition whose purpose is to communicate interest in a topic about which reasonable people may agree