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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Acuantance Rape
Rape commited by someone the victim knows.
Brady Bill
5-Day waiting period on handgun purchases so seller can screen buyers for criminal recordsor mental instability.
Classic Rape
The rapist was a strangerwho used a weapon and the attack
resulted in serious bodily injury.
Clearance Rate
Measure The % of cases in which an arrest and official charge is made(turned over to courts).
Computer Crime
Any violation of the Law in which a computer is the target or means of criminal activity.
Control Theory
A strong social bond between individuals and the social order constrains some individuals from violating social norms.
Corporate Violence
production of unsafe products and the failure of corporations to provide a safe working envioronment for their employees.
Violation of Federal, State, and Local Law.
Use of harm or threat to prevent unwanted behaviors.
Differential Association
Assignment of meaning and definitions learned from others is also central to the second symbolic interaction-ist theory of crime. Ex. Children who see their parents benefit from crime.
Placing offender in prison so that he/she is unable to commit further crimees against the general public.
Index Offense
(Street Crimes)
Most serious crimes in the United States against a person or property. Murder, Forcible Rape, Aggravated Assult, Burglary, Larceny/Theft, Motor Vehicle Theft, and Arsen.
Labeling Theory
Emanate from the Social Interactionist Perspective.
1) How do crime and deviance come to be defined?
2) What are the effects of being labeledas a criminal or deviant?
Organized Crime
Criminal activity conducted by members of a hierarchically arranged strycture devoted primarilyto make money through illigal means. (Mafia, Yakuza of Japan)Largest
Primary Deviance
Deviant behavior committed before a person is caught and labeled an offender.
Primary Deviance
Deviant behavior committed before a person is caught and labeled an offender.
Racial Profiling
Targeting suspects based on race status.
Assumes that criminal behavior is caused by sociological, psychological, and/or biological forces rather than solely a product of will.
Restorative Justice
Repairing the victim-offender-community-relation.
Secondary Deviance
Devience from being caught and labeled.
Strain Theory
Strain may lead to crime. (no job or money)
Subcultural Theory
Argue that certain groups or subcultures in society have values and attitudes that are conducive to crime and violence.
Transnational Crime
Ortganized criminal activity across one or more national borders.
Victimless Crimes
Vice crimes or illigal activities that have no complaining party. (illigal drugs, prostitution, illigal gambling, pornography).
White-collar crimes
Occupational crime and corporate crime in which individuals commit crimes in the course of their employment.
What percentage of the United States street gangs are racial minorities?
Black males between the ages of 20 and 39 make up about___
of the prison population.
___ out of every 240 people in the US was likly to be a victim of murder in his or her lifetime.
1 out of 240
Status offense
An violation that can only be
committed by a juvenile. (running away, truency, underage drinking)
Delinquent offense
An offense that would be a crime if commited by an adult.