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6 Cards in this Set

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Penitentiary
early form of correctional facility that emphasized separating inmates from society and each other so that they would have an environment in which to reflect on their wrongdoings
separate confinement
19th century penitentiary system developed in PA in which inmates were kept separate from each other at all times, daily activities taking place in individual cells
congregate system
19th century penitentiary system developed in NY where inmates were kept in separate cells during the night, but worked together during the day under a code of silence
medical model
model of corrections in which the psychological and biological roots of an inmates criminal behavior are identified and treated
maximum security prison
correctional institution designed and organized to control and discipline dangerous felons, as well as prevent escape, with intense supervision, cement walls, and electronic, barbed wire fences
medium security prison
correctional institution that houses less dangerous inmates and therefore uses less restrictive measures to avoid violence and escapes