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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
goal of corrections that focuses on preparing the offender for a return to the community unmarred by further criminal behavior
reintegration
in the context of corrections, a strategy to divert those offenders who qualify away from prison and jail and toward community-based and intermediate sanctions
diversion
criminal sanction in which a convict is allowed to remain in the community rather than be imprisoned as long as she or he follows certain conditions set by the court
probation
judicially imposed condition in which an offender is sentenced after being convicted of a crime, but is not required to begin the sentence immediately; the judge may revoke the suspended sentence and remit the offender to prison or jail if he or she does not follow certain conditions
suspended sentence
sentence that consists of incarceration in a prison or jail, followed by a probationary period in the community
split sentence probation
the power designated to an agent of the law over a person who has broken the law
authority
action taken by probationer that, although not criminal, breaks the terms of probation as designated by the court; can result in the revocation of probation and a return to prison or jail
technical violation
sanctions that are more restrictive than probation and less restrictive than imprisonment; intended to alleviate pressure on overcrowded corrections facilities and understaffed probation departments
intermediate sanctions
the process by which the government seizes private property attached to criminal activity
forfeiture
alternative to trial offered by a judge or prosecutor in which the offender agrees to participate in a specified counseling or treatment program in return for withdrawal of the charges
pretrial diversion program
community-based corrections center to which offenders report on a daily basis for purposes of treatment, education, and incapacitation
day reporting center
punishment-oriented form of probation in which the offender is placed under stricter and more frequent surveillance and control by probation officers with limited caseloads
intensive supervision probation
short period of incarceration that is designed to deter further criminal activity by "shocking" the offender with the hardships of imprisonment
shock incarceration
community based sanction in which offenders serve their terms of incarceration in their homes
home confinement
technique of probation supervision in which the offender's whereabouts, though not his or her actions, are kept under surveillance by an electronic device; often used in conjunction with home confinement
electronic monitoring
criticism that intermediate sanctions designed to divert offenders from prison actually increase the number of citizens who are under the control and surveillance of the American corrections system
widen the net