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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
plasma membrane
outer boundry of every cell, selective barrier for ions and molecules.
Interphase
growth 1, sunthesis, growth 2.
chloroplast
organelle only in plants, photosynthetic protists, contains chlorophyll.
extra
outside of, beyond.
permeable
flexible?
microtubles
hollow rods of protein, (e) making up part of cytoskeleton, involved in cell contraction.
gen
origin, development.
mitosis
replication of chromosomes, production of 2 nuclii in 1 cell, usually followed by ctokinesis.
(e)
organism whose membrane and nucleus are enclosed protist,fungi, plant or animal.
(p)
bacteria (no membrane).
cell theory
1. All living things are made of 1+ cells.
2. Unit of structure and function in all organisms.
3. All cell come from preexisting cells.
Mitosis and Cytokinesis
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase.
cytoplasm
entire contents of cell,except nucleus.
geo
earth
diffusion
movement of substance down it's concentration gradient.
mitochondria
organelle, (e) carry on cellular respiration, release energy, store ATP.
osmosis
movement of water across membrane.
cytokinesis
division of the cytoplasm of the cell after cell division.
cytosol
gelatin like portion of cytoplasm, bathes organelles of the cell.
Anton van Lecuwenheck
Discovered 1st microscope.
cell wall
nonliving covering around the plasma membrane of certain cells. Cellulose and other materials.
vesciles
membrane-enclosedn sac, various substances are transformed and stored here.
ribosomes
organelle constructed in the nucleus, 2 subunits, functions as site for protein synthesis.
chromosomes
group of genes found in nucleus (e) visible during mitosis and meiosis. DNA and protein.
organelles
organized structure within a cell, specific function.
(IE chloroplast, mitochondrian).
golgi complex
organelle (e) consisting of stacked membranes, modifies and packages small materials for cell export.
vacuole
membrane enclosed structure, in cytoplasm, dif. types and dif. functions.
gyn
female reproductive organs.
endoplasmic reticulum
membranous network in cells(e) composed of ribosomes.
haplo
single
ex
out, from
gam
unit of sexual fusion.
centrioles
one of two structures in animal cells, cylinders of 9 triplet microtubules, help assembly during cell division.
lysosomes
cell vesicles that contain digestive enzymes.
embryo
organism in it's earliest stages of development.
nucleuc envelope
membrane (e) that encloses genetic material, seperating it from cytoplasm.
gastro
stomach
Cellsize (diffusion)
remain small.
exo
outer, external
heme, hemo
blood
cell
basic unit of life.