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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Corneal Ulcer

What is it?
*A __1__ infection of the
__2___

*Usually __3__, but may be
__4__

*Requires __5__ referral to
an opthalmologist
1. Localized
2. Cornea

3. Bacterial
4. Fungal

5. EMERGENT
Corneal Ulcer: Signs/Sx's

-rapid onset of sx's-
cloudiness usually
not yet present,
need to stain

*__1__

*__2__

*__3__ __3__ sensation

*Conjunctival __4__

*__5__ __5__ on the Cornea

*__6__ __6__ inflammation
(iritis)

*May have assoc __7__ (pus
in the anterior chamber)
1. Pain

2. Photophobia

3. Foreign body

4. Hyperemia

5. White opacity

6. Anterior Chamber

7. Hypopyon
*tells you that infection
is effecting the interior
of the cornea
Corneal Ulcer: Tx

*ALWAYS BE __1___

*Intensive _2__ _2__ therapy
w/ __3__ spectrum __4_

Corneal Ulcers: Complications

*corneal __5__; and __6__
__6__ loss
*corneal __7__ requiring
emergent __8__ intervention
1. Opthalmologist

2. Topical ABX
3. Broad
4. ABX


5. Scarring
6. permanent vision
7. perforation
8. surgical
Herpatic Keratitis

*Due to __1__ __1__ virus

*__2__ involvement usually proceeded by __3___
involvment.

*REFER to Opthalm w/in __4__
so that __5__ __5___ tx may
be started

*Topical Steroids: __6__ BY
PRIMARY CARE FOR ANY
REASON!!!!!!!!!!!!
1. Herpes simplex

2. Corneal
3. Conjuctival

4. 24 hours
5. Topical Antiviral

6. NEVER NEVER NEVER EVER!
Herpatic Keratitis:
Complications & Prognosis

*__1___ process

*__2__ __2__ is common and
leads to __3__ __3__
1. Recurrent

2. Corneal Scarring
3. Vision Loss
What is a Pterygium?
A thickening of the skin of the white of the eye that starts to grow onto the cornea. Usually due to many years of exposure to the sun. Can be surgically removed if interfering with vision.
Corneal Abrasions
*Hx of __1__ or getting
something in the eye or
contact lens wear.

Sx:
*__2__
*__3__
*__4__
*__5__
*__6__ vision
*Usually __7__
1. trauma

2. Pain
3. Photophobia
(light sensitivity)
4. Redness
5. Tearing
6. Blurred
7. Monocular
Corneal Abrasions: Dx

*Application of _1__ _1_ into
the eye and viewing w/a
__2__-__2__ light.
*___3__ will appear __4__

*Application of a __5__
anesthetic will aid w/ exam
if available
1. Fluroescien dye
2. Cobalt-blue
3. Abrasion
4. Green

5. Topical
Corneal Abrasion: Tx

*_1_ abrasions will heal
w/in _2_, large take longer

*May patch with a __3__ __3__
ointment for __2__

*Prescribe __3___ __3__
ointment or drops

*Pt should be followed __4__
until healed.
1. Small
2. 24 hours

3. Topical ABX

4. Everyday