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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which of the following medications may be used as an anti-convulsant in preeclampsia?
a. oxytocin (Pitocin)
b. magnesium sulfate
c. terbutaline sulfate (Brethine)
d. ritodrine hydrochloride (Yutopar)
b. magnesium sulfate
amenorrhea
lack of normal menstrual periods
androgens
steroid sex hormones that promote the appearance of masculine characteristics
Oral contraceptives are contraindicated in clients with which of the following disorders?
a. hypertension
b. hyperglycemia
c. potential for blood clots & stroke
d. depression
c. potential for blood clots and stroke
Which endocrine glands release steroid hormones such as estrogen and androgens?
a. pituitary gland
b. pancreas
c. adrenal glands
d. hypothalamus
c. adrenal glands
antepartum
prior to the onset of labor
Androgens are sex hormones secreted only by male clients.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE
benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
non-malignant enlargement of the prostate gland
breakthrough bleeding
bleeding at abnormal times during the menstrual cycle
corpus cavernosum
tissue in the penis that fills w/blood during an erection
dysfunctional uterine bleeding
hemorrhage that occurs at abnormal times or in abnormal quantity during the menstrual cycle
Hormones called _____ are often prescribed for dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
progestins
endometrium
inner lining of the uterus
estrogen
class of steroid sex hormones produced by the ovary
follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
secreted by pituitary gland that regulates sperm/egg production
hypogonadism
below normal secretion of steroid sex hormones
hysterectomy
surgical removal of uterus
Progestins are occasionally prescribed for the treatment of metastatic endometrial carcinoma.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
impotence
AKA erectile dysfunction

inability to obtain/sustain erection
leutinizing hormone (LH)
hormone secreted by pituitary gland that triggers ovulation in females & stimulates sperm production in males
libido
interest in sexual activity
menopause
period of time when females stop secreting estrogen & menstrual cycles cease
menorrhea
prolonged/excessive menstruation
oligomenorrhea
infrequent menstruation
ovulation
release of an egg by the ovary
oxytocin
hormone secreted by pituitary gland that simtulates uterine contractions & milk ejection
The progestin-only oral contraceptive prevents pregnancy primarily by preventing ovulation.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE
postpartum
occurring after childbirth
progesterone
hormone responsible for building up uterine lining in second half of menstrual cycle & during pregnancy
prolactin
hormone secreted by pituitary gland that stimulates milk production in mammary glands
tocolytic
drug used to inhibit uterine contractions
virulization
appearance of masculine secondary sex characteristics
Estrogen is actually a generic term for three different sex hormones named estradiol, estrone, and estriol.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
The cyclic secretion of estrogen and progesterone in the female is similar to the secretion of testosterone in the adult male.

TRUE or FALSE
FALSE
Triphasil is an oral contraceptive containing both ethinyl estradiol and norgestrel.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
1______ is the hormone that regulates sperm or egg production; 2______ in the female triggers the release of the egg, a process known as ovulation.
1) Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)

2) Leutinizing hormone (LH)
The permanent cessation of menses, caused by lack of estrogen secretion by the ovaries, is _____.
menopause
A class of drugs called _____ _____ exerts positive metabolic effects in post-menopausal women, including an increase in bone mass and a reduction in LDL-cholesterol.
conjugated estrogens
The absence of menstruation is called _____.
amenorrhea
The anterior pituitary hormone called 1_____ increases the synthesis of milk within the mammary glands; the posterior pituitary hormone called 2_____ causes milk to be ejected.
1) prolactin

2) oxytocin
_____ _____ are testosterone-like compounds with hormonal activity.
Anabolic steroids
A side effect of testosterone therapy in female clients is the appearance of masculine characteristics or _____.
virulization
The most common progestin used in oral contraceptives is ethinyl estradiol.

TRUE or FALSE
TRUE
The oral medication first approved for erectile dysfunction in 1998 was _____ (_____).
sildenafil (Viagra)
_____ _____ _____ is an enlargement of the prostate gland that occurs mostly in men of advanced age.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
Which of the following oral contraceptives is a triphasic type?
a. Alesse
b. Lo/Ovral
c. Ortho-Cyclin
d. Ortho-Novum
d. Ortho-Novum
Which of the following medications is used to treat endometriosis?
a. estropipate (Ogen)
b. ethinyl estradiol (Ethinyl, Feminone)
c. estradiol (Estraderm, Estrace)
d. norethindrone acetate
d. norethindrone acetate
With of the following medications would NOT be used to treat postpartum breast engorgement?
a. medroxyprogesterone (Provera, Cycrin)
b. estradiol (Estraderm, Estrace)
c. testosterone (Andro 100)
d. fluoxymesterone (Halotestin)
a. medroxyprogesterone (Provera, Cycrin)
Which of the following oral contraceptives acts by producing a thick cervical mucous?
a. progesterone micronized (Prometrium)
b. estradiol (Estraderm, Estrace)
c. danazol (Danocrine)
d. nandrolone phenproprionate (Durabolin, Hybolin)
a. progesterone micronized (Prometrium)
One of the adverse affects of anablolic steroids is:
a. liver damage
b. appearance of masculine characteristics
c. muscle weakness
d. cardiovascular disease
a. liver damage