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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Describe the principle of POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY.
The power to govern belongs to the people, and is delegated by them to their elected officials.
Describe the principle of LIMITED GOVERNMENT.
To protect the rights of individuals, the powers of the federal government are limited. Congress is forbidden to:
-pass es post facto laws
-create titles of nobility
-pass bills of attainder
-suspend right of Habeas Corpus
-pass laws violating rights guaranteed in Bill of Rights
-tax goods exported from any state
What are the enumerated/delegated powers of the federal government?
-Enumerated/Delegated (borrow money, print, coin, and set value of currency; to regulate expenditures and punish counterfeiters; to raise, support, and govern affairs of military forces; to declare war and provide funds for military operations; to regulate immigration; issue copyrights/patents; to govern interstate and international commerce; to establish necessary courts, to govern the Federal District of Columbia (D.C.)
What are the implied powers of the federal government?
-powers exercised by Congress under authority of 18th enumerated power, the so-called "elastic clause":
"To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States or in any department or office thereof.."

ex: power to authorize, organize, and provide funds for a national bank and Congressional committees, hearings, and investigations
What are the reserved powers of the state governments?
Powers not specifically granted to the federal government, nor denied to the states, are reserved to the states or to the people:

laws concerning voting, marriage, divorce, adoption, inheritance; establishing penalties for crimes not covered by federal law
What are the concurrent powers of state governments?
Powers shared by both federal and state governments.

ex: federal and state income taxes