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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
(31)
NEAR THE END OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR THE LEADERS OF THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS DREW UP A PLAN OF GOVERNMENT CALLED THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION.
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
(33)
THERE ARE 27 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION TODAY AND THE FIRST TEN ARE CALLED THE BILL OF RIGHTS.
AMENDMENTS
(34)
THE PREAMBLE IS THE INTRODUCTION TO THE CONSTITUTION AND STATES THE SIX REASONS FOR ESTABLISHING THE CONSTITUTION.
THE PREAMBLE
(35)
THE HOUSE OF REPS HAS THE SOLE POWER OF IMPEACHMENT. THEY ACT AS THE PROSECUTOR, WHICH MEANS TO ACCUSE A FEDERAL OFFICIAL OF WRONGDOING.
IMPEACHMENT
(36)
IMPEACHMENT IS THE ACCUSING OR CHARGING OF A PUBLIC OFFICIAL WITH MISCONDUCT SO THAT THEY MAY BE REMOVED FROM OFFICE IF FOUND GUILTY. A MAJORITY VOTE OF THE HOUSE IS NEEDED TO IMPEACH AN OFFICIAL.
IMPEACHMENT
(37)
THE TERMS OF THE SENATORS ARE STAGGERED SO THAT ONLY 1/3 OF THE SENATE SEATS ARE UP FOR ELECTION EVERY 2 YEARS. THE PURPOSE OF THIS IS TO KEEP THE SENATE FROM COMPLETELY CHANGING EVERY 6 YEARS. THIS IS WHY THE SENATE IS CALLED THE CONTINUOUS BODY.
SENATE'S OVERLAPPING TERMS
(32)
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY MEANS THAT THE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT RESTS WITH THE PEOPLE.
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY
(38)
A BILL IS A PROPOSAL OR IDEA THAT IS PRESENTED TO CONGRESS IN THE HOPES THAT IT WILL BE PASSED AND BECOME LAW. REVENUE BILLS ARE MONEY BILLS (I.E. RAISE TAXES, BORROW MONEY). ALL REVENUE BILLS MUST BE STARTED IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
REVENUE BILLS
(39A)
ALL BILLS MUST PASS BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS WITH A MAJORITY VOTE. AFTER A BILL PASSES BOTH HOUSES, IT THEN GOES TO THE PRESIDENT. IF HE APPROVES, HE SIGNS IT, THUS MAKING IT A LAW.
APPROVAL OF A BILL
(39B)
THE PRESIDENT MAY VETO A BILL AND RETURN IT WITH HIS OBJECTIONS TO CONGRESS. CONGRESS COULD THEN PASS IT INTO LAW WITH A 2/3 VOTE OF EACH HOUSE. THIS IS CALLED OVERRIDING THE PRESIDENT'S VETO. THE PRESIDENT MAY HOLD A BILL WITHOUT SIGNING IT, WHICH AFTER 10 DAYS WILL BECOME A LAW EVEN WITHOUT THE PRESIDENT'S SIGNATURE, PROVIDING CONGRESS IS STILL IN SESSION. HOWEVER, IF CONGRESS ENDS ITS SESSION BEFORE THE 10 DAYS ARE UP, THE UNSIGNED BILL DOES NOT BECOME A LAW. THIS IS CALLED A POCKET VETO.
VETO OF A BILL
(40)
CONGRESS HAS THE POWER TO COLLECT TAXES, PAY DEBTS, AND DEFEND THE COUNTRY,
THE POWER TO BORROW MONEY,
AND THE POWER TO COIN MONEY
POWERS OF CONGRESS
(41)
CONGRESS HAS THE POWER TO PASS, COPYRIGHT AND PATENT LAWS, AND THE POWER TO
DECLARE WAR
POWERS OF CONGRESS
(42)
CONGRESS ESTABLISHES THE REQUIREMENTS A FOREIGNER MUST MEET IN ORDER TO BECOME A CITIZEN OF THE U.S. (NATURALIZATION)
POWERS OF CONGRESS
(43)
CONGRESS HAS THE POWER TO SET UP LAWS ON NATURALIZATION AND BANKRUPTSY
POWERS OF CONGRESS
(44)
VOTERS IN THE STATES DO NOT DIRECTLY ELECT THE PRESIDENT & VICE PRESIDENT, BUT ACTUALLY CHOOSE THE ELECTORS WHO SUPPORT SPECIFIC CANDIDATES. EACH STATE HAS AS MANY ELECTORS AS IT HAS SENATORS AND REPRESENTATIVES.
ILLINOIS HAS 21.
ELECTORS
(45)
IF THERE IS NO MAJORITY FOR PRESIDENT FROM THE ELECTORAL VOTES, THE HOUSE OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES CAN CHOOSE A PRESIDENT FROM THE HIGHEST THREE CANDIDATES.
METHOD OF ELECTION
(46)
THE PRESIDENT IS THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES.
THE PRESIDENT HAS THE POWER TO CREATE A CABINET WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE SENATE
POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT
(47)
THE PRESIDENT HAS THE POWER TO APPOINT OFFICERS (DIPLOMATS, JUDGES) WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE SENATE (2/3 OF SENATORS MUST APPROVE).
POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT
(48)
THE JUDICIAL BRANCH INTERPRETS THE LAWS AND ADMINISTERS JUSTICE
JUDICIAL BRANCH
(49)
THE SUPREME COURT IS THE HIGHEST COURT
SUPREME COURT
(50)
JUDICIAL REVIEW IS THE PROCESS BY WHICH THE SUPREME COURT INTERPRETS THE MEANING OF THE CONSTITUTION AND THE LAWS PASSED UNDER IT.
JUDICIAL REVIEW
(51)
SUPREME COURT IS THE ONLY COURT CREATED BY THE CONSTITUTION. THE INFERIOR COURTS CREATED BY CONGRESS, IN ORDER OF RANK, ARE THE APPELLATE COURTS (OR CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS) AND THE DISTRICT COURTS
COURTS
(52)
A U.S. CITIZEN COMMITS TREASON IF THEY: GO TO WAR AGAINST THE U.S. OR HELP THE ENEMIES OF THE UNITED STATES.
TREASON
(53)
NO PERSON SHALL BE CONVICTED OF TREASON UNLESS: THERE ARE SWORN STATEMENTS BY TWO WITNESSES OR THERE IS A CONFESSION IN OPEN COURT.
TREASON
(54)
THE AMENDMENT PROCESS IS TO AMEND OR CHANGE OR UPDATE THE CONSTITUTION.
AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION
(55)
ONE OF THE TWO WAYS OF AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION IS IF IT IS PROPOSED BY A 2/3 VOTE OF BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS
AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION
(56)
ONE OF THE TWO WAYS TO AMEND THE CONSTITUTION IS BY RATIFICATION (APPROVAL BY 3/4 OF THE STATE GOVERNMENTS)
AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION
(57)
THE CONSTITUTION SHALL BE THE SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND.
SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND
62
The first ten amendments are called the bill of rights.
Amendments
63
first amendment
the right of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.
amendments
64
second amendment
the right to bear arms.
amendments
65
third amendment
no soldiers can be housed in private homes.
amendments
66
fourth amendment
freedom from unreasonable searches or seizures of property.
amendments
67
fifth amendment
freedom from self incrimination.
amendments
68
fifth amendment continued
right to eminent domain.
amendments
69
eighth amendment
bail or fines may not be too high punishment may not be cruel or unusual.
amendments
70
amendments 13-15 are called the civil war amendments.
amendments
71
thirteenth amendment
abolishes slavery.
amendments
72
fourteenth amendment
everybody born or naturalized in the US are citizens. No state can take a persons life liberty or property without a process of law. all states must give equal protection of laws to every person that can vote
amendments
73
fifteenth amendment
no person can be denied the right to vote based on race or color.
amendments
74
nineteenth amendment
no person can be denied the right to vote on the basis of gender.
anendments
75
twenty sixth amendment
eighten year olds can vote in federal elections.
amendments