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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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The Preamble
"created a new sovereign ""We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Article I Defines
The Legislature or the legislative Branch, whose main purpose is to pass laws.
Art I - Sec. 1
As a result of the Great Comprimise, Legislative power is vested in a bicameral Congress; a House of Representatives with membership apportioned among the states by population; and a Senate giving the states equal representation
Art I - Sec. 2
The (now)435) members of the house of representatives serve an unlimited number of 2-year apportioned every 10 years. The house has the power to impeach officials of the executive and judicail branches
Art I - Sec. 3
There are 2 Senators per state (total 100) directly elected (since 17th Amendment of 1913) for 6 yr terms, 1/3 chosen every 2 years. The Senate tries impeachments, presided over by the Chief Justice if the President is on trial.
Art I - Sec. 4.
States Scheduale and conduct elections under congressional guidelines.
Art I - Sec. 5
Both houses of Congress set their own rules and procedures, and must kee a journal of their proceedings.
Art I - Sec. 6
defines the salaries and immunities of legislators, who are barred from serving in other branches of government
Sec. 7
both houses of congress must pass a bill before it to become law. Money bills must originate in the House.While the president has veto power, Congress may override his refusal to sign a bill into law with a 2/3 vote in both houses.
Sec. 8
Lists the enumerated powers of Congress; tax, borrow, regulate commmerce, naturalization, coin money, punish counterfeiging, post offices, patents, create courts, declare war, create armed forces; & also the "necessary and Proper clause" , which gives Congress broad powers to insure that its powers can be effectively exercised.
Sec. 9
Lists restrictions on congress, including prohibitions on the slave trade, no ex post facto laws, no interstate tariffs, ect.
Sec. 10
Lists restricitons on the states, including not entering into treaties, not issuing money, ect.
article II defines
the Executive Branch , which is to execute or put into effect laws passsed by congress.
Art II sec 1
Describes the President and VP, and their 4-year terms of office (limit 2 terms by the 22nd ammendment of 1951) Electoral college, requirements to be president his, pay and oath are all described.
Art II Sec 2
defines the Presidential powers; C and C of the armed forces, grant pardons, With Senate advice & consent--make treaties,apppint ambassadors, judges, justices, and other officers of the executive branch.
Art II Sect 3
Describes his relations with congress and requires an annual sate of the Union communicaiton or address. Can call one or both houses of Congress into emergency session. Must assure that the laws are faithfully executed.
Art II Sect 4
Reminds the president of the possibility of impeachment. Refers also to the bureaucracy -- the now 15 cabinet departments and numerous executive and regulatory agencies that exercise "discretionary authority" in implementing public policy.
Article III
Creates the judiciary or judicial branch. - This branch exercises the power of Judicial Review" -- " the right of the federal courts to declare laws of Congress and acts of the executive void and unenforceable if they are judged to be in conflcit with the constitution. This is the Judiciarys chief weapon in the system of checks and balances.
Art III Sec 1.
describes the Supreme court and the federal courts created by congress (94 district, 13 circuit or appeals.) also describes the life tenure and inalterable compensation of justices and judges.
Art III Sec 2.
discusses the original v. appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme court, with the latter being the primary mechanism involving the issuance of a "writ of cert" by 4 of its 9 justices to exercise (Judicial Review)
Art III sect 3.
Discusses the crime and punishment of treason.
Summarize the remaining articles (IV-VII)
" Article IV addresses the creation of new states and relations among hem with respect extradition
Bill of rights
Explicitly restricing the power of the national government relative to the people of the states.
Examples of the Checks and balances, the president commander in chief, congress has the power to declare war, the power of the president to veto legislation, with Congress able to override; the president having the power to appoint cabine