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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mt. Vernon Meeting
(1785) discuss navigtating the potomac, VA+MA attend
Anapolis Meeting
9 months after Mt. Vernon, 12 men, 5 states, discusss trade
Persuasions for Const. Convention
Shay's Rebel, Congress Stalemate
Year of Phily Convent.
Author of Virginia Plan
James Madison
Presiding Officer of Convention
Presents Virginia Plan
Edmund Randolph
Terms of Virginia Plan
3 branches (legislature, exec, judicial), each state has repub govt, proposals for admit states, amending const.
New Jersey Plan
single house legislature, states have equal vote, plural executive
Connecticut Compromise's Author
Roger Sherman
CT Compromise's Terms
each state has = # of senators, # of reps based on pop. / wealth
Three-Fifths Clause Terms
House representation based on free pop (not indians) + 3/5 of slaves
Foundation for CT Compromise
3/5 clause
Slave Trade Clause
Congess cannot ban slave trade until 1808 at Earliest
Upper South View on Slave Trade Clause
speaks against slavery
Lowe South View on Slave Trade Clause
insists region "cannot do without slaves"
Fugitive Slave Clause
requires states to return runaway slaves
# of States required for Const. to take effect
9 States
First states to ratify
small states (most needed the union)
Most against ratification
large states (closer to capable of surviving w/o union)
Who in Mass. Opposed Const.
those sympathetic to Shay's Rebel
2 Men Absent from Convent.
Adams, Jefferson
Amendment that gives direct election of senators
17th Amendment (1913)
Attendence of Const. Convention
12 States/55 delegates
State that doesn't show up to Coven
Rhode Island (because it fear being overshadowed
Composition of Convent
age 26-81, 19 slave owners, 1/2 lawyers
Tariff Ruling
const bans tarrifs on exports, import taxes require simple majority
House Citizenship/Age Requirement
7 years citizen, 25 years of age
Senate Citizenship/Age Requirement
9 years citizen, 30 years of age
Differences Between House/Senate
house: lower, elected by people, senate: older, more elite, originally choen by electors
House Powers
introduce revenue bills, elect president of electoral college fails, has power to impeach
Senate Powers
ratify treaties w/ 2/3 majority, try impeached officials w/ 2/3 majority, elect VP
Ratio for passage of bill
simple majority
Powers of Congress
lay collect taxes, pay debt, provide defense, borrow money, regulate commerce, regulate citizenship + bankruptcy, coin $, weights and measures, creat post office, copyright laws (reward ingenuity), create court system, declare war, support army (2 year max), power over capitol, elastic clause
Congress Limitations
habeus corpus, no direct tax, no export tax, can't just take $ from treasury, no titles of nobility, ex post facto
State Limitations
can't make treaties, print money, lay imposts/duties on exports, raise armies
President Age/Citizenship Requirements
35 years of age, must be lifetime citizen
Presidential Powers
commander in chief, make treaties, appoint ambassadors, supreme court judges,
Judiciary Act of 1789
district courts estab, 6 members per court, JJ=first chief justice, judges serve life terms, trials done by jury (except impeachment)
States' Requirements
most recognize all laws, can't join together,
To Propose Const. Amendment
2/3 congress, 2/3 state legislature
To Enac Const. Amendment
3/4 congress, 3/4 state legislature
Restrictions on Amendments
can't ban slave trade until 1808, can't change equality of senate
Author of Bill of Rights
James Madison
Debt Policy
all debts from before ratification still valid