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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the names of the two houses in Congress?
House of Representatives and Senate
Who heads the Executive Branch?
The President
Who heads the Judicial Branch?
Federal Courts
The system that maintains a balance of power between the three branches of government.
Checks and Balances
The agreement that combined parts of the Virginia and New Jersey Plan?
The Great Compromise
What is the name of the first government planned by the 13th states?
Articles of Confederation
What is the system of government that divides power between the states and the central government?
Federal System
Who Proposed the basic plan of government with 3 branches?
James Madison
Which plan favored the large states?
The Virginia Plan
Which plan favored the small states?
The New Jersey Plan
What is the name of the first part of the constitution?
The Preamble
Name the three branches of government.
Legislative Branch
Executive Branch
Judicial Branch
What is the job of the Legislative Branch?
Make and pass laws
What is the job of the executive Branch?
enforce laws
What is the job of the Judicial Branch?
interpret the laws and determine if laws are constitutional
Another name for the Legislative Branch.
How many amendments are there currently in the constitution?
27 amendments
How many articles are there in the main body of the constitution?
7 main articles
How many goals does the preamble have?
6 goals: form perfect union,
establish justice,
insure domestic tranquility,
provide for the common defense,
promote the general welfare,
secure liberty
How many parts are there in the constitution?
3 main parts
In order for the constitution to become law, 9 of the 13 states had to approve. This is know as what?
Name the compromise that counted the slaves for the purpose of representation and Taxation?
The 3/5 (three-fifths) compromise