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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What was a new technology in the New World that helped the sailors navigate better?
Compass
What is a government's efforts to gain more wealth than other rival countries?
Merchantilism
What was a common disease among sailors caused by the lack of vitamin C?
Scurvy
Whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the Earth?
Magellan
What did Christopher Columbus do?
He found Central America, thinking it was India.
What did Prince Henry the Navigator do?
He started a school for navigation
Which man conquered the Aztecs?
Hernan Cortez
Which man conquered the Inca?
Francisco Pizarro
What did Marco Polo bring back from Asia?
Stories about the wealthy
Who was the first to reach the southern tip of Africa?
Bartholomew Dias
Who was the first to go around Africa and reach India?
Vasco Da Gama
What is the spread of ideas/cultures by migration, war, or trade?
Cultural Diffusion
What is a Conquistador?
A Spanish explorer
Which early MesoAmerican Empire is well known for their large, stone heads?
Olmecs
Which early MesoAmerican Empire founded Tenochtitlan (modern day Mexico City)?
Aztecs
Which early MesoAmerican Empire used agricultural terracing and irrigation systems?
Inca
What are the Mayans known for?
Their complex civilization of city-states and complex mathematics and science
What are Mulattos?
African and European descendants
Who were first used as slaves fo the Spanish before the African Americans?
Native Americans
Who are people born in Spain?
Peninsularies
Who are Native American and European decendants?
Mestizos
Who are the Criollos?
American born decendants of Spanish settlers
What is the age when exploration became very popular?
New World
What is the Old World?
The time of the Middle Ages
What is the Columbian Exchange?
The exchange of goods between the Americas and Europe
What happened in the Triangle Trade?
The transfer of plants/animals/ideas/diseases between Europe, the Americas, and Africa
What was the Middle Passage?
The part of the Triangle Trade involving Africa and the Americas
What was the TransAtlantic Slave Trade?
The transport of African Americans from Africa to Americas