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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mann and Wolfinger
incumbents more helped by lack of quality challengers than their actions
Canes-Wrone, et al.
probability of retaining office decreases as party support increases
Jacobson
risk-averse strategic politicians reflect and enhance national tides
Maestas, et al.
professionalized state legislatures provide an abundance of quality challengers for house elections
Cover
the increased advantage of incumbency in the 60s was not due to redistricting but changes in electoral behavior (candidate centered)
Jacobson
no decline in competition- the definition of marginality needs to be changed
Bauer and Hibbing
incumbents are just as safe as long as there is no scandal or redistricting
Cox and Katz
quality effect
Ansolabehere, et al.
personal vote
Hetherington, et al.
quality challengers less likely as election cycle progresses