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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
most common CHD
VSD (42%)
CHD occurs in ___ of live births
Transcription factor Gene mutation that causes ASD & VSD (Holt-Oram syndrome: arm & hand defects)
Transcription factor Gene mutation that causes Isolated ASD defect in humans (“tinman gene” [no heart] when homozygous in fruit fly)
Chromosome deletions cause outflow defects (e.g., Di George syndrome)
This grouping is described by primary left to right shunt. When pulmonary hypertension develops, the shunting of blood will reverse; i.e., a right to left shunt. Cyanosis will develop.
Acyanotic group
This grouping is described by permanent right to left shunt
Cyanotic group
Initial Left to Right Shunt (Acyanotic group) includes these 4 categories
Ventricular septal defect
Atrial septal defect
Patent ductus arteriosus
Atrioventricular septal defects
most common type of VSD is
90% of ASD’s are in the _______
osteum secundum
more than 1/3rd of those with complete atrioventricular canal defect have _______. AV can defect is surgically treatable.
down syndrome
Right to Left Shunt - Cyanotic - CHD includes
Tetralogy of Fallot
Transposition of the great vessels
Tricuspid atresia
Total anomalous PV connection
Truncus arteriosus
tetrology of fallot includes:
Narrowed pulmonary artery
interventricular septal defect
hypertrophied right ventricle
dextroposed aorta overriding septal defect
with TOF you probably see ______ of fingers
examples of obstructive CHD
Coarctation of the aorta
Pulmonary stenosis or atresia
Aortic stenosis or atresia
Coronary artery origin from pulmonary artery
Coarctation of the aorta in ________ presents cyonotic and the _________ remains patent

ductus arteriosus
Coarctation of the aorta in ________ presents asymptomatic and the _________ is present

Ligamentous arteriosum
Coarctation of the aorta often affects _______ more than _______ and those with ______ syndrome
Males > Females
Turner syndrome
You will often see characteristic ________
between pre- and post
coarctation segments
Clinical presentation of coarctation of the aorta
is with ______ of upper extremities, ________ of lower extremities, & cold legs and claudication (limping).
Weak pulses
Aortic Stenosis includes these three types.
Aortic Stenosis may be associated with dense, porcelain-like, ________ endocardial fibroelastosis
left ventricular