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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Downs syndrome is associated with what cardiac malformations
Endocardial cushion defects that can manifest as atrial or ventral septal defects
Emboli that originate in venous circulation and pass through patent foramen ovale or ASD to produce symptoms on arterial side
Paradoxical emboli
In _ heart is located on right side of the thorax
Dextrocardia
Condition where all of the body organs are transposed is called _

Associated whith what other syndrome?
SITUS INVERSUS

KARTAGENERS SYNDROME - immotile cilia caused by defect in dynein arms resulting in lung disease and male sterility, the heart is often normal
Induces closure of patent ductus arteriosus
Indomethacin
Maintains patency of patent ductus arteriosus
Alprostadil PGE1
Change from Left to Right shunt to Right to Left shunt secondary to increasing pulmonary hypertension, usually occurs as result of chronic adaptive response to preexisting left-to-right shunts such as VSD
EISENMENGERS SYNDROME
LEFT TO RIGHT SHUNT, asymptomatic into 4th decade, murmur, right ventricular hypertrophy, musch higher incidence in females
ASD
75-80% of ASD are what type?
Secundum
Coarctation of aorta occurs more common in females with what condition?
Turners
Infant presents with lower limb cyanosis and right heart failure at birth, adult asymptomatic with upper limb hypertension, rib notching or radiograph from collateral circulation through intercostal arteries and WEAK PULSES IN LOWER LIMBS
Coarctation of aorta
Failure of closure of ductus arteriosus (PDA) - may be caused by ?
Premature birth with HYPOXEMIA or structural defects
Continuous MACHINERY MURMUR
PDA
Second most common CHD
PDA
4 parts of tetralogy of Fallot
PULMONARY STENOSIS
RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY
OVERRIDING AORTA
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT
Patient presents with cyanosis (may not be present at birth), right to left shunt and BOOT SHAPED HEART
Tetralogy of Fallot
Patient with Tetralogy of Fallot assumes _ position to relieve symptoms
SUATTING POSITION
Aorta drains right ventricle, pulmonary artery from left ventricle - SEPARATE PULMONARY AND SYSTEMIC CIRCUITS --> incompatible with life unless shunt is present, cyanosis (present at birth)
Transposition of great vessels
CHD in baby born to diabetic mother
Transposition of great vessels
Left to right shunt, LOUD HOLOSYSTOLIC MURMUR MEANS SMALL DEFECT, large defects can present as heart failure at birth, small defects can close spontaneously
VSD
Most common congenital heart defect
VSD