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16 Cards in this Set

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subconjunctival hemorrhage s/s
subconjunctival blood from breaking of small capillaries
etiology of subconjunctival hemorrages
caused by numerous factors including hypertension, bleeding disorders, valsalva maneuvers, trauma, aspirin overuse, some forms of conjunctivitis, or idiopathic
what does it look like
it is similar to a bruise under the skin. It may involve the entire globe
treatment for subconjunctival hemorrhage
none is usually necessary. May use alternating hot and cold packs (use cold for first 24 hrs, hot thereafter) usually will self resolve within two weeks changing colors dramatically during resolution
if subconjunctival is recurrent what should you do
do a full medical evaluation
capillary hemangioma s/s
raised broad-based conjunctival vascular mass it is benign.
where is the capillar hemangioma usually located
seen in the inner canthus or fornix
when does capillary hemangioma usually appear
usually it is congenital or first appear in the young years and may enlarge with age
treatment for capillary hemangioma
the only concern is cosmetics. may be excised or cauterized if treatment is desired
Kaposi's Sarcoma s/s
bright red or purple masses and hemorrhages
etiology of kaposi's sarcoma
tumor of endothelial origin. associated with AIDs. Probable herpes virus association
what happens to kaposi's sarcoma in later phase of AIDs
if mucus membranes are involved in this tumor (conjunctiva) usually this implies a later manifestation of AIDs
treatment for kaposi's sarcoma
radiation
lymphoid tumors s/s
light pink to salmon-colored lesions. May appear in bulbar conjunctiva
are lymphoid tumors benign or malignant
they may be benign (benign reactive lymphoid hyperplasia) or malignant (lymphoma)
treatment of lymphoid tumors
must excise all suspected lymphoid tumors and biopsy to determine if benign or malignant (clinically indistinguishable)