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55 Cards in this Set

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What are the 4 works of Confucius?
1) Analects
2) The Great Learning
3) Doctrine of the Mean
4) Book of Mencius
Analects
Sayings of Confucius
The Great Learning
Book about Confucius
Doctrine of the Mean
Teachings about Harmony and balance
Book of Mencius
Written by Meng Tzu
Who was inspired by these books?
Book of Poetry
Book of History
Book of Changes (I-Ching)
Book of Rites
Spring and Autumn Annals
Confucius
Who founded Mohism?
Mo Tzu
Who lived from 468-376-BCE?
Mo Tzu
What school says that "people are the measure of human welfare"?
Mohism
Mohism says that __________ can only be improved only by improving the immediate welfare of the people.
The human condition
In Mohism, what is the criterion for measuring good?
Usefulness in achieving human happiness
What is the measure of value in Mohism?
Benefits to the people
What school shared a concern with Confucianism about increasing the welfare of the people?
Mohism
What school believed that the Confucian emphasis on "cultivating humanity" was too vague to improve humans?
Mohism
Mohism strengthened Confucianism by adding______ with _____ _____ and a more practical emphasis.
humanism, utilitarian flavor
Han Fei Tzu was the most important person in the school of ___________
Legalism
In this school, people are inclined to do wrong
Legalism
Who died in 233 BCE?
Han Fei Tzu
In Legalism, authority of ____ and ____ are required for human welfare
Laws, State
What school is opposed to Confucianism because Confucianism emphasizes the goodness of human nature?
Legalism
One reason Legalism was opposed to Confucianism was that Confucianism advocated ______ rather than ______
persuasion, laws
Hui Shih was important in what school?
School of Names
Kung-Sung Lung was important in what school?
School of Named
What school believed in understanding knowledge for its own sake, not for utility?
School of Names
School of Names focuses on _____ issues
logical
What school makes a distinction between words and things?
School of Names
List the five agencies of Yin-Yang
Wood
Fire
Metal
Water
Earth
____ is what makes a human being uniquely human
Jen
Human-Heartedness describes ____
Jen
Virtue, humanity, moral character and love all could be used to describe_____
Jen
____ is the foundation of all relationships
Jen
Confucius says that Jen is "to _______ men."
Love
The ultimate principle of human interaction is_____
Jen
To live according to Jen,one must develop human heartedness and ______-_______
other-orientedness
Conscientiousness= careful development of _____
Jen
Altruism
Extending Jen to others
Extending Jen to others is called ______
Altruism
Conscientiousness + Altruism=______
The Golden Rule
The Golden Rule=_________
"Treat others as you wish to be treated"
Li=____
rules of propriety
If you follow Li, ____ is realized
Jen
What is a concrete guide for customs, ceremonies and relationships?
Li
Mencius differed from Confucius because Confucius did not differ between _____ and _____
goodness and rightness
For Mencius, ____ refers to goodness
Jen
According to Mencius, ____ refers to rightness
Yi
Chih=
moral wisdom
According to Mencius, people possess innate
goodness
According to Mencius, virtues are _______
universal
according to Mencius, ____ is the beginning of Jen
compassion
According to Mencius, _____ is the root of yi.
shamefulness
According to Mencius, reverence is the root of _____
li
the knowledge of right and wrong are the root of ______
chih
According to Mencius, evil can be due to _____ circumstances
external
according to Mencius, evil can be due to ________ of ____
Abandonment of the Self
According to Mencius, evil can be due to the failure to nourish the ___ and the ____
feelings, sense