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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is a superior or nobel person
junzi
tien means
heaven
means benevolence/empathy
Ren
means appropriateness/propriety
Li
means reciprocity
Shu
means cultivation in the arts
Wen
means family devotion
Xiao
means discussions and sayings
Analects
means scholer
Ru
What were the years of confucious's life?
551-479 BCE
What class was confucious born into?
a nobel family
What were confuciou's two ideals?
1. to create an ideal individual
2. to create an ideal(a harmonious) society
In what two ways did Confucius differ from philosophical Taoist beliefs?
education and relationship is necessary
What are the 5 virtues?
wen, xiao, shu, ren, li
when xylophones sound red leave
What are the 5 great relationships?
1. Father-son
2. elder brother-younger brother
3. husband-wife
4. elder friend-youger friend
5. ruler-subject
What is the significance in the order and priority of the 5 great relationships?
1.family
2.age
3.gender
What is the taoist view of human nature?
natural human goodness/optimistic
What is the confucius view of human nature?
optimistic, humans need refinement from education. They respond to kindness and good example.
What is the Xunzi view of human nature?*
human naute mechanistic;veering toward self-inteest
education is a radical transformation
What is the Mozi(Mohist school) view of human nature?
people naturally predatory w/partial, graded love order from laws is necesary, but inequitable answer is to practice "universal love"
What is the view of the Legalists?
humans fundamentally selfish and lazy need stern laws and punishment