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28 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Case 1 - Simple statements of fact/ conditions that can or might be met
Use "se" + indicative (normal verb form) for both clauses, with verbs in appropriate tense (possible use of imperative in main clause)
Case 2 - Condition is either (a) unlikely/theoretical, but possible, or (b) impossible/imaginary
Use "se" + imperfect subjunctive (congiuntivo) for "if" clause AND present conditional for main clause (action that would have happened)
Case 3 - Condition can no longer be met (i.e. opportunity has passed) OR contrary to fact or imaginary situation entirely in past
Use "se" + traspassato del congiuntivo (pluperfect subjunctive) for "if" clause AND past conditional for main clause (action that would have happened)
If you give me 50 Euros, I'll give you the change
Se lei mi da E50, io Le do il resto [C1]
If you (pl) go to Rome you will be able to see the Colosseum
Se andrete a Roma, potrete vedere il Colosseo [C1]
If she was afraid she didn't show it
Se aveva paura, no lo dimostrava [C1]
If you don't behave, you won't go to the seashore tomorrow
Se non fai il bravo, non andrai al mare domani [C1]
If you have spoken to him, you will have understood how things are
Se hai parlato con lui, avrai capito come stanno le cose [C1]
If you come let me know.
Se vieni, fammi sapere (avvertimi) [C1]
If the hotel were less expensive we would stay more than one night
Se l'albergo non fosse cosi caro, restremmo piu di una notte [C2]
If we had more money, we would go and eat in a restaurant
Se avessimo piu soldi, andremmo a mangiare al ristorante [C2]
If the Italians drove more carefully they wouldn't have so many accidents
Se gli italiani guidassero con piu attenzione [prudenza], no avrebbero tanti incidenti [C2]
If I had not lost my wallet I wouldn't have had all these problems
Se non avessi perso il portafoglio non avrei avuto tutti questi problemi [C3]
If we had come by train we would have got here sooner
Se fossimo venuti in treno, saremmo arrivati prima [C3]
If you had driven more carefully, we would not have ended up crashing into the wall
Se tu avessi guidato con piu prudenza [attenzione], non saremmo andati a finire contro il muro [C3]
If I had known this I wouldn't have gone with him
Sapendo questo, no sarei andata con lui [note use of gerund instead of traspassato del congiuntivo]
a condizione che
on condition that
a meno che
provided that
I'll take you there on condition that you pay for the gas
Io ti ci accompagno a condizione che tu paghi la benzina
You (pl) can go out so long as you don't come back too late
Potete uscire purché non rientriate troppo tardi
We can go to the seaside unless you prefer to go to the country
Possiamo andare al mare a meno che Lei non preferisca andare in campagna
If they can they will help you
Se potranno ti aiuteranno [C1]
If you change jobs you would earn more
Se cambiassi lavoro guadagnerei di piu [C2]
If I had wings I would fly
Se avessi le ali, volerei [C2]
If you had taken that medicine you would have gotten better quickly and now you could have left with me
Se tu avessi preso quella medicina, saresti guarito presto e adesso potresti partire con me [C3]
If I had known sooner, I wouldn't have gone
Se lo avessi saputo prima, non ci sarei andato
If I had a million dollars, I wouldn't work anymore
Se avessi un milione di dollari, non lavorerei piu [C2]